Issue: Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 128

Publication Type:
Title: Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 128
Year of Publication: 1998
Volume: 128
Number of Pages: 0
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Abstract
David V Clarke
1 - 12
An introduction to the new home of the Scottish national collections which was opened on November 30th 1998.
Olivia Lelong
Tony Pollard
13 - 53
Reports on work carried out between 1985 and 1986 at a large banked enclosure with an associated smaller enclosure, on the edge of an ancient bog. It is suggested that the site had both ritual and domestic associations. There are specialist contributions on: `Soils' by David Jordan (35--7); `Pollen analysis' by Susan Ramsay (37--40); `Pottery' by Olivia Lelong (40); `Worked stone' by Tony Pollard (40--1); and `Dendrochronological analysis of three wooden posts' by Anne Crone (42--3).
Richard Strachan
Ian Ralston
Bill Finlayson
55 - 94
Discusses excavations which revealed evidence for multiple phases of activity including two burnt mounds, two round-houses, part of a probable ring-groove structure which may be a platform house and a metal-working area, with the main foci on the Late Neolithic, Bronze Age and early medieval periods. There are specialist contributions on: ceramics from all periods in the `Pottery report' by Trevor Cowie (70--5); `Coarse stone artefacts' by Caroline R Wickham-Jones (75--7); `Chipped stone' by Bill Finlayson (77--8); `Stone axehead flake' by Alison Sheridan (78--9); `Cannel coal 'napkin ring'' by Fraser Hunter (79--82); `Burnt and industrial debris' by Irene Cullen (82--3); and `Palynological analysis of burnt mound material' by Ciara Clarke (84--6).
Graeme Whittington
Trevor G Cowie
Peter A Yeoman
95 - 104
Records the find of a Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age artefact from a boggy glacial depression with disturbed organic deposits. Discusses the possibility that it may have votive significance but considers it unlikely based on an examination of palynological evidence.
Olivia Lelong
Tony Pollard
105 - 142
Reports on work carried out over a number of seasons beginning in 1986 which revealed a complex funerary structure in the form of a pre-cairn monument with a central scoop, encircled by rings of timber posts, cremation pits and stone, followed by later pit and stone arrangements containing cremations. There are specialist contributions on: `The cremated bone' by Julie A Roberts (119--23); `The pottery' by Olivia Lelong (123--30) which includes Early Neolithic material; `Jet beads and button' by Ian A G Shepherd (130--2); and the `Stone artefact assemblage' by Tony Pollard (132--6) pieces of which may represent Mesolithic or Neolithic activity.
Gavin MacGregor
143 - 159
Notes the discovery of a receptacle containing a cremation deposit in the garden of a private house and subsequent investigation at the find spot. The encrustation on the inside of the urn produced a radiocarbon date of 1626--1408 cal BC and it is suggested that the container may have been used for domestic purposes prior to burial. Post excavation analyses include: `Cordoned urn' (146--8) and `Chemical analysis' (151--3) by Andy Jones;`Cremated human remains' by Julie Roberts (148--9); `DNA analysis' by Gavin MacGregor (150); `Magnetic susceptibility' by John Syme Duncan (150--1); `Pollen and macroscopic plant remains' by Susan Ramsay (153--5); and `Quartz' by Mike Donnelly (155--6).
Caroline Earwood
161 - 166
Discusses finds made in the 1960s which are now housed in the Museum of Islay Life, in particular, a two-piece grooved tub from Allt Garadh Ealabais which produced a radiocarbon date of 1400--1090 BC thus making it one of the earliest known examples of its kind from Britain or Ireland.
Alison McIntyre
167 - 201
Reports on work carried out in advance of forestry development which revealed Bronze Age hut circles, cairns and burnt mounds.
Derek Alexander
Trevor Watkins
203 - 254
Reports on investigations undertaken between 1978 and 1982 which revealed a penannular ring-ditch, ring-groove houses and a polygonal enclosure with antennae ditches. Evidence suggests that this enclosure was later replaced by a more substantial ditch and bank which then became levelled when a series of stone-paved houses were constructed. There are specialist contributions on: `Early Bronze Age artefacts' by Alison Sheridan (212); `Small finds' by Fraser Hunter (233--40); `Coarse stone' by Abigail C Gleeson (240--2); and `Animal bone' by Jennifer Thoms (242).
Ian Armit
255 - 271
Examines accounts of work carried out in 1911 and discusses investigations of 1995 which suggest that the primary structure was an Atlantic roundhouse. The author collaborates with Richard Strachan on `The islet' (261--62) and Alan Braby on `Excavation' (262--8).
Jon C Henderson
273 - 292
Identifies four sites with the aid of aerial photography, side-scan sonar survey, echo-sounding and underwater exploration by divers.
Lorna Main
293 - 417
Reports on work that revealed evidence of occupation of what was essentially a fortified farmhouse by a native elite group practising a mixed-farming economy. There are a number of specialist sections on: `Wooden posts' by John Barber (301--2); `Palaeobotanical remains' by W E Boyd (310--16); `Animal bone' by Catherine Smith & Archie Young (316--20); `Iron Age and Roman pottery' (321--31), `Objects of fired clay' (332--5) and `Industrial fired clay objects' (371--6) by Steven Willis; `Medieval and post medieval pottery' by David Caldwell (331--2); `Roman glass' by Dominic Ingemark (335--7); `Other glass finds' (337--8), `Copper alloy' (338--46), `Lead' (352--6) and `Iron' (356--67), `Analysis of the cannel coal bangle fragment 409' (390), `Amber' (390--1), `Worked bone and antler' (392--3) and `Discussion of the artefact assemblage' (393--401) by Fraser Hunter; `Roman coins' by Anne S Robertson (346--7); `EDXRF analysis of copper-alloy artefacts' (347--52) and `EDXRF analysis of crucible and mould fragments' (376--7) by David Dungworth; `Preliminary metallurgical analysis of some iron objects' by Gerry McDonnell (367--9); `Ironworking debris' by Michael Spearman & Fraser Hunter (370); `Metalworking debris within the brooch' by Liz Slater (370--1); `Stone' by Ann Clarke (377--86); and an `Analysis of the deposits on sandstone mortars 302 & 473' by Peter Davidson (390).
Alastair Roy Rees
419 - 424
Notes the find of two samian sherds from what appears to be a native enclosure and considers a possible association with the vicus at Carriden.
Alastair Strang
425 - 440
Gathers together data from Ptolemy's Geographia and other historical and archaeological information in drawing up a military map of the period. Tables 3--6 appear in the appendices as: `Table 3: Identification of places (in Geographia order) for Ptolemy's Britain and Ireland' (436); `Table 4: Additional, significant, named pre-Flavian sites/locations in England & Wales' (437--8); `Table 5: Roman named sites in Britain excluded from Flavian map' (438); and `Table 6: Un-named, probable Flavian sites in Roman Scotland' (439).
David J Woolliscroft
Birgitta Hoffmann
441 - 460
Reports on previously unpublished excavations of 1973 and subsequent investigations in 1996 which revealed a double ditched four post multi-period timber tower forming part of a group of four such towers at the southern end of the Flavian frontier.
Andrew J Dunwell
Geraint Coles
461 - 479
Discusses work carried out in 1992 which defined the ditch and rampart of the frontier and produced a pollen diagram outlining environmental and economic activities in the area for 500--600 years after its construction in a possibly established open landscape.
Andrew Breeze
481 - 484
An ascertainment of the existence of twelve Pictish silver chains, rather than the ten cited by most authorities. Also cautions against reliance on references to such objects in the text of Brut Aberpergwm, which was probably written by Iolo Morgannwg (1747--1826) even though he claimed it was a chronicle originally written in the twelfth-century.
Anne Crone
485 - 493
Notes the body of evidence from Whithorn, Dumfries and Galloway and Buiston, Ayrshire which has produced a master chronology known as SCOTEH (Scottish and Early Historic) covering the period AD250--752. Also discusses the lack of correlation in attempts to date smaller assemblages from Iona, Dundurn, Loch Glashan and Castle Loch.
Ross Trench-Jellicoe
495 - 513
Describes a monument located on the ancient road to Kilrenny which has a chi-rho element in its design and is the first of its kind recognised in a Pictish context. Suggests that it is both a route and boundary marker associated with a former monastic site now only seen in earthworks.
Leslie Alcock
515 - 536
A presentation of Pictish and other northern British illustrations from stones, documents and metalwork of the seventh to ninth centuries AD.
Jane Geddes
537 - 549
Describes and discusses artistic elements in the work of the four gospels dating back to the tenth century, now held by Cambridge University Library. Concludes that although the form of the pocket gospel is related to the Irish tradition, the patterns and artefacts found in the work clearly have their origins in Scotland and that the artist may have been copying from manuscripts and metalwork damaged in Viking raids.
Lloyd R Laing
David Longley
551 - 565
Discusses the 1896 and 1997 archaeological investigations of the monastery and associated structures and reviews the literature and documentation related to the foundation dating back to the sixth century. Comparisons are drawn with Whithorn, Galloway, in terms of the layout of the monastic complex . A D S Macdonald writes on `Early Kingarth' (553--5).
Eoin McB McB Cox
Olwyn Owen
Denys Pringle
567 - 580
Discusses the 1982 archaeological investigations below the tennis courts and walls of the seventeenth-century palace which revealed a range of medieval features and deposits probably associated with the earlier Bishop's Palace or Palace of the Yards. A major find of the excavations was a wooden Scandinavian-type comb and it is suggested that it may have been brought from Trondheim in Norway in the thirteenth century (given the close connection between the two ecclesiastical settlements). Anne Crone writes on `Waterlogged wood' (576) and Leonie Paterson on `Faunal remains' (576--7).
Peter A Yeoman
581 - 617
John Lewis
Helen Smith
619 - 644
Dennis Turner
645 - 652
Norman S Newton
Eric Talbot
653 - 670
Piers J Dixon
671 - 751
Derek W Hall
753 - 829
David Perry
831 - 857
Catherine Smith
859 - 885
Effie Photos-Jones
John A Atkinson
887 - 904
John Lewis
905 - 921
John Lewis
923 - 936
Gordon J Ewart
Fiona Baker
937 - 1016
Derek Alexander
1017 - 1046
Susan Bain
1047 - 1077
Dennis B Gallagher
1079 - 1099
John Burnett
1101 - 1104
Eoin McB McB Cox
1105 - 1119
1121 - 1133
1136 - 1152
1153 - 1167