Issue: Environment and economy in Anglo-Saxon England:

Subtitle a review of recent work on the environmental archaeology of rural and urban Anglo-Saxon settlements in England
Publication Type
Abstract Volume of papers on recent environmental archaeological work, and the contribution it has made to understanding of the Anglo-Saxon period, broadly divided into two parts dealing with rural and urban material. Includes French and German summaries; contributions include
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Editor D J Rackham
Issue Editor D J Rackham
Publisher Council for British Archaeology
Year of Publication 1994
Volume 89
Number of Pages: 157
ISBN 1 872414 33 8
Figure/Plate/Table/Ref Figure:    Plate:    Table:    Ref:
Note Is Portmanteau: 1 Editorial Expansion: proceedings of a conference held at the Museum of London, 9--10 April, 1990
Source The British & Irish Archaeological Bibliography (BIAB)
Monograph Chapter Title Sort Order Both Arrows Access Type Author / Editor Page
Start/End Sort Order Up Arrow
Martin O H Carver
1 - 6
discusses the emphasis on economy and social structure in modern studies of Anglo-Saxon society, and the role played by economic, ideological and environmental imperatives. The analysis of anthropogenic biological assemblages is seen as the most important method of detecting the signals of change -- surplus and commodity. Emphasis is also given to taphonomic studies and the maritime environment
Oliver Rackham
7 - 11
presents a summary of previously published work by the author on the documentary, character and place-name evidence for woodland in the Anglo-Saxon period
Ian Tyers
Jennifer Hillam
Cathy Groves
12 - 22
reviews sites from England and Wales with dated timbers, and examines the tree-ring data to provide further information on woodland exploitation, re-afforestation following the departure of the Romans, and trade links with other parts of Europe
Peter L Murphy
23 - 39
summarises some results from recent work on rural sites in Eastern England in three contrasting landscapes: the coastal marshes of Essex, the river valleys of central Essex, and the Breckland of West Suffolk. Evidence for adaptations of arable and pastoral farming, and for continuity and discontinuity of crop production from the Roman period, is presented and discussed, and palaeoecological data reviewed
Pam J Crabtree
40 - 54
reviews the economic evidence obtained from animal bones from sites in East Anglia, comparing it to the results from earlier Iron Age and Roman assemblages in the area
Lisa Moffett
55 - 64
the results of the analysis of carbonised remains from four late Saxon ovens or kilns are presented and used to interpret the function of the ovens and the use of crop processing by-products. The significance of the assemblages for the agricultural landscape and character of the settlement are discussed
Gill Campbell
65 - 82
preliminary results from the botanical analyses of a series of sites within the Raunds Project are presented, most of the samples dating to the late Saxon period. The results are used to suggest a well developed agricultural economy
Francis J Green
83 - 88
reviews the evidence for economic plants from a series of recent excavations in small rural centres in Wessex, including mineralised remains from cess pits as well as carbonised material. Differences in cereal importance at different sites are seen as possibly reflecting aspects of site economy and some specialisation
Harry Kenward
Enid P Allison
89 - 107
account of the results obtained during the first year of a three-year investigation of the plant and invertebrate remains from anoxic water-logged deposits associated with wattle structures at the early Christian rath mound. Stronger similarities have been found than predicted to assemblages from deposits formed on urban sites, and host-specific parasites from a range of domestic mammals and humans have been found.
104 - 107
listing adult Coleoptera and Hemitera from two samples from the site
Alan G Vince
108 - 119
the author argues that individual regions within the British Isles passed through economic stages as they became incorporated into an international trade network, followed by the collapse of that network and the emergence of a new trade axis in the ninth century. Midland and western Britain may have experienced a similar transformation following the foundation of burhs in the late-ninth and early-tenth centuries and the development of coastal ports, inland towns and rural markets in the later-tenth and eleventh centuries
Jennifer Bourdillon
120 - 125
the animal bone results from excavations in Hamwic are reviewed within a framework that considers the settlement's impact on the surrounding countryside and the character of its supply. A low diversity of food resource and the age structure of the domestic animal samples are used to suggest a non-agricultural population, being supported by food whose supply is controlled
D J Rackham
126 - 135
recent environmental work is reviewed with a summary of the new results from the middle Saxon settlement on the Strand. Differences in the assemblages from peripheral or rural sites are contrasted with the consistency seen in the sites in the centre of Lundenwic. Results from later Saxon sites are discussed and the high status character of late Saxon assemblages from Westminster Abbey illustrated
Terry P O'Connor
136 - 147
an interpretive approach is applied to the environmental remains from Anglian and Anglo-Scandinavian sites. The results are presented in terms of the social and hierarchical organisation that may have supported the `town' in the Anglian period as against a developing `market economy' in the later Anglo-Scandinavian town