Issue: Maritime Celts, Frisians and Saxons:

Subtitle papers presented to a conference at Oxford in November 1988
Publication Type
Abstract Papers presented to a conference held on 11th--13th November 1988 in the Department of External Studies, University of Oxford, aimed at promoting discussion of the maritime and riverine aspects of the southern North Sea and Channel region from c. 300 BC to c. AD 800, including seafarers, vessels and the environment. Contributions include
cba_rr_071.pdf (18 MB): Download
Editor Sean McGrail
Publisher Council for British Archaeology
Year of Publication 1990
Volume 71
Number of Pages: 0
ISBN 0-906780-93-4
Figure/Plate/Table/Ref Figure:    Plate:    Table:    Ref:
Note Is Portmanteau: 1
Source The British & Irish Archaeological Bibliography (BIAB)
Monograph Chapter Title Sort Order Both Arrows Access Type Author / Editor Page
Start/End Sort Order Up Arrow
M J Tooley
1 - 16
sea-level and coastline changes during the last 5,000 years are described, and attention drawn to the lack of data for part of this period and the absence of palaeogeographic maps of the coastal lowlands of the United Kingdom. Rates of sea-level and land-level changes are presented as a context for consideration of the sedimentary history of havens since the Late Iron Age. Examples are given from the Fenland and Romney Marsh
Robert J N Devoy
17 - 26
provides an analysis of the environmental factors controlling the positions of the coastal zone and, in particular, the nature of the interaction between changes in coastal position and water-level, or relative sea-level movement. Conclusions are drawn about the contribution of archaeology to sea-level-coastal data and of the subject's potential in helping understanding of the broader controls upon coastline development
Barry Cunliffe
27 - 31
discussion of the natural harbour site, which was occupied from time to time throughout the prehistoric period and became a centre for maritime trade during the first century BC. The paper refers to excavations focused on the main settlements and on one of the harbour areas, which revealed details of harbour works and also environmental evidence
Sean McGrail
32 - 48
evidence for the use of water transport in the southern North Sea and Channel region during the period c. 300 BC to c. AD 50 is evaluated and boat types, building methods, means of propulsion, and likely performance are described. An attempt is made to identify the characteristics of the Celtic tradition of planked boat and shipbuilding. Methods of navigation, trade routes, harbours and landing places are also discussed
Margaret H Rule
49 - 56
describes the remains of a single masted sailing vessel which sank at the end of the third century AD, and which were recovered from the harbour entrance in St Peter Port in 1984--86
Peter R V Marsden
66 - 74
description and discussion of the ship, including its building sequence and possible evidence from coins. It is suggested that it was of a similar type to that used by the Veneti of north-west Gaul, and may have been built on the Rhine or the Thames, but that it is unlikely that coins of Cunobelin depict ships of this type
Gustav Milne
82 - 84
discussion of the system of trans-shipment centres via which merchandise from other parts of the Roman Empire reached Britain, and the process of transfer between vessels involved. It is suggested that the River Rhine was a principle artery in this network, and evidence for the location of some of the British ports handling these cargoes is considered
Stéphane Lebecq
85 - 90
examines written sources and other evidence from the sixth to tenth centuries in an attempt to answer the question of whether the name and adjective `Frisian' really referred to Frisians, and if not, to what these terms actually referred; includes
Detlev Ellmers
91 - 92
deals with the monopoly situation of Frisian trade created due to the Slavonic disruption of transcontinental trading routes c. AD 560, and the maintenance of the trade connection between Scandinavia and the Mediterranean by Frisian coastal vessels trading cargo from England and from the Merovingian empire to Scandinavia and vice versa
Ian Wood
93 - 97
suggests that careful reading of the textual evidence suggests that it was the Franks who were regarded as the chief threat to the Channel in the late-third and early-fourth centuries, the threat being to the German and Gallic coasts, and that it was only towards the end of the fourth century that Saxon raids on the north side of the Channel were recorded. This implies that the Saxon Shore was only so named around the year 400, and provides a context for later Frankish interest in England
Ole Crumlin-Pedersen
98 - 116
describes Danish studies of pre-Viking boatbuilding traditions, both in relation to new finds and in re-assessing earlier finds. Newly found fragments of seventh-century ships as well as an incised early sailing ship are described and discussed in relation to traces of Anglo-Saxon ships known from England
Martin O H Carver
117 - 125
discusses the role of the North Sea as a crucial zone of interaction in early medieval state formation, in relation to the Kingdom of East Anglia, and considers such questions as whether the sea was crossed, if so how, and what this signified for the peoples around the edge of the sea
William Filmer-Sankey
126 - 134
describes the excavation of the second boat grave from the cemetery, consisting of the soil-stain of a 3 m logboat. The paper gives details of the boat's construction, and the body and grave-goods contained within the boat, along with a consideration of the significance of the find for the understanding of the origins of the rite of boat burial in England