Issue: Aberdeen: an in-depth view of the city's past. Excavations at seven major sites within the medieval burgh

Publication Type
Abstract The sites were excavated in advance of various city-centre developments between 1978 and 1993. The sites form a loose north-south transect through the heart of the burgh, moving from the waterfront and harbour, passing through the medieval market area of Castlegate and continuing up Gallowgate to the industrial fringes on the road out of Aberdeen to the north. A brief detour along Netherkirkgate provides a glimpse of a medieval 'backland' area near the parish church, known colloquially as the St Nicholas Triangle. Aberdeen is outstanding among Scottish towns in the level of survival of its medieval records.
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Editor Alison Cameron
Judith Stones
Publisher Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
Year of Publication 2001
Volume 19
Number of Pages: 336
ISBN 0 903903 19 9
Figure/Plate/Table/Ref Figure:    Plate:    Table:    Ref:
Source biab_online
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Abstract
1 - 3
This chapter touches briefly upon the structure of the monograph, previous archaeological work and location of the archive.
Alison Cameron
Judith Stones
D H Evans
4 - 115
This chapter presents a brief summary of excavation methodology and detailed archaeological descriptions of each of the seven sites in turn along with interpretation of the results and reference to archaeological work in the vicinity. The sites are Castle Street (13th- 15th-century buildings adjacent to the medieval market), 16-18 Netherkirkgate (13th- 20th-century buildings and rich organic deposits), St Nicholas Triangle (a site adjacent to St Nicholas parish church), 43-57 Upperkirkgate (early medieval backland occupation near the site of the upper mill), 30-46 Upperkirkgate (medieval backland activities from the 12th century), Gallowgate Middle School (12th-century and later leatherworking), and 45-75 Gallowgate (medieval and post-medieval occupation beside the town loch). Each site has a table which links phases to historical information.
Anne Johnston
Douglas Speirs
116 - 152
This section presents an overview of the available sources which are considerable. The evidence is then considered under a series of headings which comprise urban growth and property holding in Aberdeen, landowners and tenants, reconstructing urban plots, urban buildings and the composite picture. This is followed by individual sections on the development of Castle Street, 16-18 Nethergate, St Nicholas Triangle, 30-46 and 43-57 Upperkirkgate, 20-52 (Middle School) and 45-75 Gallowgate.
Alison Cameron
D H Evans
153 - 192
Pottery is one of the most prolific finds recovered in the medieval burgh. It includes a substantial proportion which was made here, but also some which was imported from other parts of Scotland, England, France, Germany, the Low Countries, Spain and elsewhere. The actual location of the local industry is still unknown. The material is catalogued by site and phase.
Alison Cameron
D H Evans
Judith Stones
194 - 269
The finds include a wide range of objects constructed of many different materials of which metal types are the most abundant. Waterlogged deposits were present on several sites, and they have allowed the preservation of objects made from wood, leather and textile. There is as yet very little evidence for the local manufacture of any of the objects (with the exception of leather, small amounts of iron slag, and some documentary evidence for smithing) and it is possible that much of the production took place in the area immediately outwith Aberdeen.
271 - 299
This chapter presents specialist reports on mammal bone, fish and bird bones, plants, intestinal parasites and insects, and residues from a ceramic vessel and stone mortar
Judith Stones
300 - 312
There are sections on Aberdeen before the burgh, the early medieval settlement, the burgh waterfront and harbour, the Castle and Castlegate, town defences and ports, construction and manufacturing industries, national and international contacts, people and their lives and, research and interpretation.
313 - 323
324 - 327
329 - 333