Series: Scottish Urban Archaeological Trust Ltd unpublished report series

Scottish Urban Archaeological Trust (SUAT)
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Primary Contact: David Bowler
Associated OrganisationScottish Urban Archaeological Trust Ltd
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Year of Publication (Start): 2005
Year of Publication (End): 2009
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T Barton
D Bowler
C Fyles
Mr Steven Johnston commissioned SUAT on behalf of his client, Mr William Sutherland, to carry out an excavation and watching brief on the site of a new build house in Abernethy, on the west side of School Wynd (NGR NO 1895 1640), close to a stone round tower dating from between the 9th and 11th centuries AD. An evaluation of the site by AOC Archaeology (2006) had exposed an unidentified spread of rounded stones. Accordingly, an area measuring 10m x 10m was excavated by SUAT to expose any additional remains. Beneath highly disturbed topsoil and rubble relating to previous use of the site as a market garden, a roughly metalled track was exposed, overlying a massive drystone wall foundation and a series of clay and silt deposits. AMS dating of roundwood charcoal (GU-15168) extracted from directly beneath the wall, within the wall trench, suggested a calibrated date range of 890-1020 AD. Beneath the wall, an apparent alignment of postholes was exposed, together with a curious pit feature that might have represented cooking, metal working or perhaps an apple or cheese press. A Watching Brief was carried out on the 14 of May 2008 and on the 5th and 6th of January 2009 during the construction of the new house. The excavation of a number of narrow trenches for drains was observed during this work. A number of stony deposits were revealed, possibly representing the remains of further drystone walls. Layers of clay, ash, charcoal, degraded bone and burnt sandstone were found frequently during the excavation of the drains, suggesting that midden material was dumped on the site and that some sort of fire-related activity was carried out nearby.
2009
R Cachart
A watching brief was maintained on the excavation for an access road and parallel water pipe trench to a new build residential development. The monitoring was required because cists had been found in the 19th century in a nearby field to the east of the site and it was considered that these may have extended into the development area. The access road cut was 3.50m wide and 0.30m deep and observed for 70m from its start at the S end next to the site boundary stone wall. A small boulder was found in the top soil which was considered to be naturally in-situ. A 0.80m deep and 0.65m wide pipe trench was excavated 1m to the W of and parallel to the access road. A field drain was revealed in the pipe trench. The monitoring revealed nothing of archaeological significance in either excavation. It was concluded that the cists did not extend into the area monitored. SUAT concluded that no further archaeological work was required for this project.
2008
D Bowler
SUAT recorded a standing building in the High Street, Perth, undergoing major repairs. The work was undertaken between 3rd and 11th July 2008, and was given the site code PE49. Despite drastic alterations, the building preserved many original or early features from the mid to late 18th century onwards, especially in its floor and roof timbers. The east party wall may have preserved masonry from a much earlier building. A second phase of work was an evaluation in the site's backlands carried out in September 2008. Two trenches were excavated. Evidence of a late 18th or early 19th century building was found which had large well constructed basement windows. The building had a sunken passageway on its outside to allow light into the basement. Vaulting was found along the west side of the site which carried a pathway into the north end of the site and to the properties to the north. At the north end of the site a large commercial bread oven had been inserted into the north wall of the basemented building and to the west of the oven the pathway had been bridged over to cross the sunken passageway. A third phase of work, a watching brief on contractors' excavations for groundbeams was undertaken in February 2009. The watching brief revealed further evidence regarding the bread oven, the vaults and the 19th century building. Limited desk based research revealed evidence of the property numbering systems, owners and occupiers, and usage of the site building from the 1830's.
2008
D Bowler
R Cachart
C Casey
Guild Homes (Tayside) Ltd commissioned SUAT Ltd to undertake an archaeological evaluation and watching brief on the greenfield site at Hillhead, Kirriemuir centred on OS NGR NO 381 545. In total 39 trenches were excavated and two significant archaeological features were found. In Trench 02 a circular posthole feature, with an internal diameter of 2.25-2.35m was found. It comprised a central posthole within a circle of nine smaller postholes. One additional posthole was located between the central posthole and the outer ring. The postholes of this feature were all fully excavated and sampled. No obvious dating evidence was recovered from the fills and the function of the structure is unknown. A major ditch feature extended NW-SE across the SW part of the site. The ditch profile varied between an expanded U and an expanded V shape, and averaged 1.5m wide and 0.35m deep. Two pieces of slag were recovered from the fill at different locations. A stone, the size of a large cobble, was recovered which had three wide short grooves and at least one small cup mark. No dating evidence was found within the fill where it was excavated and the function of the ditch was tentatively interpreted as being a field boundary ditch, possibly medieval or post-medieval. During the subsequent watching brief, the major ditch feature, recorded during the evaluation, was found to continue towards the NW extremity of the site, where it petered out due to truncation. In the same area, a segment of a large circular ditch was found, with a radius of about 32 m, perhaps a prehistoric ritual or settlement enclosure
2008
D P Bowler
K Haines
SUAT Ltd were comissioned to conduct an evaluation in advance of a small housing development. A number of bronze age cists had been found near the vicinity of the development in the 1970s. Four trenches were excavated across the site but no significant archaeological features were uncovered.
2007
T Barton
D Bowler
Taylor Wimpey Plc commissioned SUAT Ltd to undertake an archaeological evaluation of an area of land east of Frankfield Loch, Stepps, Glasgow. The work was carried out between the 29th October and the 6th of November 2007 in reasonable weather conditions. A total of 25 trenches (mostly 50m x 2m) were excavated in an area measuring 4.9 hectares. The evaluation revealed a landscape which had been well ploughed in the early modern period. The remains of a 19th century brick building were found to the east of the site which probably related to a small railway.
2007
D W Hall
Evaluation of site of one cropmark and area adjacent to other cropmarks
2007
Ray Cachart
SUAT Ltd was commissioned by Mr A Whitelaw to undertake an evaluation (SUAT site code AA11), in advance of development on ground adjacent to High Street and to the north of Drumcharry House, Auchterarder, centred NGR NN 9460 1290. The site comprised approximately 200m²of garden ground with bushes and some mature trees. The proposed development area was considered to have archaeological potential as it sits in the centre of the historic settlement of Auchterarder. The settlement dates from at least the 13th century, first appearing in the historical record at this time with a note of grant of tithes to the monastic house at Inchaffery. The requirement was for the evaluation of 10% of the site or 20m² and two trenches each measuring 2 X 5m were excavated on 13th October 2008. The evaluation found nothing of archaeological significance and it was considered that further archaeological work was not required. The work was fully funded by Mr A Whitelaw.
2008
D W Hall
Evaluation of site adjacent to excavations of Perths Carmelite Friary in 1982 in advance of erection of industrial units. This site has the potential of being the location of the remainder of the friary complex, its graveyard and the 16th century palace of the Bishop of Dunkeld.
2007
T Barton
D Bowler
D Hall
SUAT Ltd was commissioned by Mr Semple of Direct Flooring to evaluate the site of proposed new industrial units at Riggs Road/Whitefriar Street, Perth. The work took place on 26th and 27th June and on the 18th and 19th of October 2007 and was given the SUAT site code PE47. Seven trenches (A to G) were opened in the available open areas of the site and below the demolished buildings to assess the presence of the remains of the Carmelite Friary of Tullilum. Evidence for the friary church and its ranges was located in Trenches A, B, D and G and articulated human burials were located in Trenches C and E. No evidence for the 15th century palace of the Bishops of Dunkeld was located.
2007
T Barton
D Bowler
C Casey
D Munro
An archaeological evaluation was carried out on 28th May 2008 at 5-7 The Square, Methven due to the site''s central location in the historic settlement of Methven, adjacent to the churchyard (SUAT site code: MV03). The evaluation was carried out prior to the development of the site. The site itself had previously been used as a garden, but had become overgrown with trees and shrubs. Three small trenches were excavated with the use of a mini digger. The first two trenches revealed only topsoil and subsoil, but a 19th century deposit which contained re-deposited post-medieval pottery was found within the third trench. Gordon Brooks commissioned this evaluation. The SUAT site code was MV03.
2008
T Barton
D Bowler
SUAT Ltd was commissioned by Donald MacFarlane (Stornoway) Ltd to carry out an evaluation at 64, Kenneth Street, Stornoway, prior to the redevelopment of the site. The site was located north of the Royal Hotel and included Smith''s Shoe Shop (now vacant) and a garden. It was thought possible that either medieval archaeology or deposits relating to the 17th century Cromwellian occupation of Stornoway might be encountered. The evaluation took place on the 24th April 2008, in the garden as the old shoe shop had yet to be demolished. Three 7 x 1.6 metre long trenches were excavated, but no significant archaeology was discovered. The site code was SW04.
2008
K Haines
Evaluation in advance of construction of new residential buildings.
2007
T Barton
D Bowler
R Cachart
Angus Council Corporate Services commissioned SUAT Ltd to undertake an archaeological evaluation at Seaview Primary School, Monifieth. Three evaluation trenches were excavated within the footprint of the proposed new build on the existing playing field on the north-west side of the school. The evaluation was undertaken on the 19th and 20th of November 2007 in variable weather conditions. Trenches 01 and 02 revealed no significant archaeology. Trench 03 revealed two limited spreads or areas of large flat unworked stones, one area of which formed an irregular flat surface over natural compacted silty sands. The stones were not associated with any dateable material and there was no evidence of any other sort of activity. It is considered possible that the stones may have been laid as stepping stones over an area of ground that had once been boggy.
2007
C Fyles
Standing building survey of farm steading
2007
T Barton
Golder Associates (UK) Ltd commissioned SUAT to carry out an archaeological walkover survey and watching brief at the mouth of Blackdog Burn, Aberdeenshire. The work was carried out between the 6th and 18th of November 2008 in fair weather conditions. Nine concrete blocks dating from WW2 were discovered partially buried in the sand. These defences were probably intended to be used as tank traps. It was noted that sharp granite stones had been set into the top side of each block. The site codes were BD01 and BD01WB
2008
T Barton
Scottish woodlands commissioned SUAT Ltd to carry out an archaeological walkover survey in advance of a programme of tree planting on the Auchlyne Estate in Glen Dochart. The work involved looking for archaeological remains in nine different areas on both sides of the valley that had been enclosed with deer fencing. The survey was carried out between the 30th of October and the 4th of November 2008 in good weather conditions. Four groups of shielings were discovered and marked out with wooden stakes and red and white marker tape. Two further groups of shielings already marked on the OS map were also marked out. The site code was KJ12
2008
T Barton
Scottish and Southern Energy commissioned SUAT to undertake an archaeological walkover survey along the route of an 11KV overhead line on Harris. The line, which runs from NG 13 94 near Stockinish to NG 04 83 at Rodel is over 30Km long, and is due to be refurbished early in 2009. The walkover was carried out by one SUAT archaeologist and one Scottish and Southern engineer between the 29th September and the 2nd of October 2008 in wet conditions. The main aim was to look for any new sites or existing archaeological sites (from the SMR) that were in danger of being damaged by the proposed refurbishment and to provide mitigation strategies. Over 50 new sites were discovered in the walkover, including abandoned houses, field systems and areas of cultivation. Though many of these sites dated from the 19th century, at least three low-lying structures could be much earlier. No further archaeological work is recommended, but various mitigation measures are proposed to protect archaeological sites during the engineering works. The SUAT site code was RG01
2008
T Barton
B Bowler
R Cachart
D Munro
Keppie Planning Ltd, on behalf of their client, Craighead Properties Ltd, commissioned SUAT Ltd to undertake an archaeological evaluation on the site of a proposed mixed use development at Craighead, Blantyre, South Lanarkshire. The site covered an area of 19.6 hectares, mainly arable, but also includes the site formerly occupied by the mansion of Craighead House and its associated outbuildings, designed landscape and walled garden. The house and most of the outbuildings were demolished in 2001 or 2002 but the walled garden was still upstanding at the time of the evaluation. SUAT completed a desk-based assessment, and a walkover took place 26th March 2008. A total 91 trenches were excavated. Trenches within the arable fields found 19th-20th century pottery scattered in the topsoil and field drains cut into the natural boulder clay. Two walls found in the south field were considered to be boundary walls. Nothing of archaeological significance was found in the arable fields. Trenches around the site of Craighead House and the walled garden revealed walls, floors, drains and other services relating to Craighead House. No archaeological features or other dating evidence earlier than 18th-19th centuries was found in this area. A survey of the walled garden was carried out as it appeared to contain elements of the 18th century predecessor of Craighead House within the elements of its E wall.
2008
T Barton
W B Grieve commissioned SUAT Ltd to carry out an archaeological watching brief and limited excavation at Leys of Marlee stone circle after a lorry accidentally collided with and pushed over one of the stones. The work, carried out the 28th of October, consisted of monitoring the removal of the stone, the excavation of its socket, and supervising the replacement of the stone so that it was set back in its original orientation and position. The excavation revealed that the stone had originally been held tightly into position by packing stones which were found on three sides of the stone socket. No other evidence of note was discovered. After excavation, the stone was placed back in its original position and wedged tightly into the socket using new packing stones. The site code was LY01
2008
 
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