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Click here to see strategies recommended for addressing agenda themes and topics for this period.
5.1 Chronology
  1. How can we enhance our knowledge of developing pottery industries, particularly during the Conquest period and 3rd to 4th centuries?
  2. How may information on temporal and regional variations in pottery typology and vessel fabrics best be disseminated?
  3. How may our understanding of sites known only from metal-detected and fieldwalking finds be enhanced?
  4. How can we advance our knowledge of the chronology of metal finds, particularly brooches?
  5. What are the priorities for scientific dating, particularly radiocarbon, and how may targeted dating programmes be developed?

5.2 The military impact

  1. How far was the military conquest a motor of social and economic change?
  2. To what extent is the pivotal location of the region between civil south and military north reflected in the archaeological record?
  3. Can we define more closely the distribution of early military sites and their periods of use?
  4. How did the supply needs of military garrisons and armies along the northern frontier affect the economy and transport infrastructure?
  5. How did the withdrawal of Roman political and financial support impact upon the established society and economy?

5.3 Growth of urban centres

  1. What spurred the foundation of extramural settlements (vici) next to early forts and how was the development of vici and forts related?
  2. How does the distribution of towns correlate with Iron Age foci, and how far may their social, political and economic roles have overlapped?
  3. What processes drove the growth of secondary urban centres?
  4. How were towns organised, what roles did they perform and how may their morphology and functions have varied over time?
  5. How and why did the urban landscape change in the late Roman period, and what roles may fortifications have played in this period?

5.4 Rural settlement patterns and landscapes

  1. How did the Conquest impact upon rural settlements and landscapes?
  2. How and why did settlement forms and building traditions vary within the region and over time?
  3. How did rural settlements relate to each other and to towns and military sites, and how may this have varied regionally and over time?
  4. How did field and boundary systems relate to earlier systems of land allotment, and how did these boundary networks develop over time?
  5. What patterns can be discerned in the location of settlements in the landscape?
  6. Can we elucidate further the daily life of settlements and their role in the processing and marketing of agricultural products?

5.5 The agricultural economy

  1. How is the upland-lowland divide manifested in the regional agricultural economy and other aspects of the archaeological record?
  2. How did integration into the Roman Empire impact upon the agrarian economy, including the introduction of new crops, herbs and fruits?
  3. What is the evidence for the diet of people of high and low status in urban and rural settlements, especially those close to military sites?
  4. Can we chart more closely the processes of agricultural intensification and expansion and the development of field systems?
  5. Can we define more precisely the networks developed for the trade and exchange of agricultural produce and fish?

5.6 Artefacts: production, distribution and social identity

  1. What resources moved in and out of the region during this period?
  2. How can we add to our understanding of the nationally important iron and lead industries?
  3. How may studies of the production, movement and consumption of pottery contribute to understanding of the regional economy?
  4. What production techniques and exchange networks were involved in the manufacture and marketing of salt and building materials?
  5. How can we utilise most effectively the regional coin resource as evidence for the transition to a monetary economy?
  6. What can artefact research contribute to studies of eating, drinking and other manifestations of social identity?

5.7 Roads and waterways

  1. Can the chronology of road construction and links between road building and campaigns of conquest be clarified?
  2. How were roads, rivers and artificial waterways integrated?
  3. To what extent may communication routes have been influenced by Late Iron Age settlement patterns and routes of movement?
  4. How may roads and waterways have impacted upon established communities and how may roads have influenced urban morphology?

5.8 Ritual and religion

  1. How far is the location of religious sites related to Late Iron Age activity and to what extent may structured deposition of human/animal bones in settlement/boundary features have continued?
  2. How far may data from surveys and the Portable Antiquities Scheme assist in locating religious or ritual sites?
  3. Can we elucidate the beliefs and practices associated with religious or ritual foci and may certain classes of site have been associated with particular activities?
  4. Why have so few early Roman burials been found, and may practices have varied regionally and between different communities?
  5. What may studies of later Roman inhumation cemeteries teach us about changing burial practices and demography?

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  This page (revision-146) was last changed on 22-Jun-2017 14:05 by Tina Roushannafas