The first identifiable activity was a 9th century E-W trackway which had been followed by the laying out of a number of sub-rectangular enclosures and N-S trackways in the late 9th and early 10th centuries. The farmstead incorporated a number of timber halls and a large gateway structure.

A number of irregular features cutting the chalk bedrock were filled with sterile orange-brown silty clay (I.1). These are interpreted as natural features or animal burrows and have been assigned to Period I.

In Period II the first human activity on the site is represented by a number of shallow east-west ditches (II.1) which had been severely truncated by later ploughing. These are interpreted as marking the first laying out of a series of trackways in the 9th century AD.

Period III is marked by a re-organisation of the landscape, and is the main phase of Anglo-Scandinavian activity. A number of sub-rectangular ditched enclosures were now established with a gate and massive ditch with internal rampart at the S. end of the site (III.1). There were two phases of ditches on either side of the main N-S trackway. To the N. there were a number of post-hole buildings (III.2) as well as a large quarry hole (III.3). This activity is dated to the late 9th and early 10th centuries. Towards the end of Period III the site was abandoned and the buildings were demolished and the ditches backfilled, followed by a period of silting in the hollows left by former features (III.4).

Finally, Period IV saw the build up of ploughsoil (IV.2) across the site, including at least one episode of deep ploughing (IV.1).

**Summary** **Phasing**

cut | 4063 | 4079 | 4081 | 4083 | 4089 | 4098 | 4105 | 4107 | 4120 | 4129 | 4142 | 4183 | 4269 | 4278 |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

fill | 4062 | 4076 | 4080 | 4082 | 4088 | 4097 | 4104 | 4106 | 4119 | 4128 | 4141 | 4182 | 4268 | 4277 |

4047 | 4054 | 4055 | 4084 | 4086 | 4087 | 4092 | 4093 | 4108 | 4109 | 4117 | 4118 | 4123 | 4126 | 4127 | 4134 | 4135 | 4160 | 4161 |

4174 | 4175 | 4208 | 4209 | 4210 | 4211 | 4258 | 4259 | 4310 | 4311 |

4001 | 4102 | 4103 | 4114 | 4124 | 4125 | 4147 | 4151 | 4152 | 4157 | 4164 | 4173 | 4177 | 4181 | 4195 | 4196 | 4197 | 4204 | 4238 |

4239 | 4249 | 4250 | 4251 | 4253 | 4260 | 4261 | 4264 | 4265 | 4266 | 4267 | 4274 | 4275 | 4276 | 4281 | 4282 | 4298 | 4302 | 4303 |

4304 | 4305 | 4306 | 4307 | 4308 | 4309 |

cut | 4010 | 4028 | 4034 | 4046 | 4049 | 4051 | 4065 | 4067 | 4069 | 4071 | 4073 | 4075 | 4096 | 4100 | 4010 | 4111 | 4113 | 4115 | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

fill | 4003 | 4005 | 4033 | 4045 | 4048 | 4050 | 4064 | 4066 | 4068 | 4070 | 4072 | 4074 | 4095 | 4099 | 4090 | 4094 | 4085 | 4112 | 4110 |

cut | 4122 | 4131 | 4133 | 4137 | 4140 | 4144 | 4146 | 4150 | 4155 | 4156 | 4159 | 4163 | 4168 | 4169 | 4171 | 4180 | 4185 | 4187 | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

fill | 4121 | 4130 | 4132 | 4136 | 4138 | 4139 | 4143 | 4145 | 4149 | 4154 | 4153 | 4158 | 4162 | 4167 | 4166 | 4170 | 4179 | 4184 | 4186 |

cut | 4189 | 4194 | 4199 | 4201 | 4203 | 4206 | 4213 | 4215 | 4217 | 4219 | 4221 | 4223 | 4225 | 4227 | 4229 | 4231 | 4233 | 4235 | 4237 |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

fill | 4188 | 4193 | 4198 | 4200 | 4202 | 4205 | 4212 | 4214 | 4216 | 4218 | 4220 | 4222 | 4224 | 4226 | 4228 | 4230 | 4232 | 4234 | 4236 |

cut | 4241 | 4252 | 4255 | 4257 | 4263 | 4271 | 4273 | 4280 | 4284 | 4291 | 4293 | 4295 | 4297 | 4299 | 4300 |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

fill | 4240 | 4172 | 4254 | 4256 | 4262 | 4270 | 4272 | 4279 | 4283 | 4290 | 4292 | 4294 | 4296 | 4301 |

4052 | 4053 | 4091 | 4148 |

4002 | 4004 | 4116 | 4165 | 4178 | 4190 | 4207 | 4242 |

cut | 4007 | 4009 | 4012 | 4014 | 4016 | 4018 | 4020 | 4022 | 4024 | 4027 | 4030 | 4032 | 4036 | 4038 | 4040 | 4042 | 4044 | 4057 | 4059 |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

fill | 4006 | 4008 | 4011 | 4013 | 4015 | 4017 | 4019 | 4021 | 4023 | 4026 | 4029 | 4031 | 4035 | 4037 | 4039 | 4041 | 4043 | 4056 | 4058 |

cut | 4061 | 4078 | 4192 | 4244 | 4246 | 4248 |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

fill | 4060 | 4077 | 4191 | 4243 | 4245 | 4247 |

4000 | 4025 | 4176 |

**Summary** **stratigraphy**

CONTEXT NO | PHASING |
---|---|

4000 | IV.2 |

4001 | III.1 |

4002 | III.4 |

4003 | III.2 |

4004 | III.4 |

4005 | III.2 |

4006 | IV.1 |

4007 | IV.1 |

4008 | IV.1 |

4009 | IV.1 |

4010 | III.2 |

4011 | IV.1 |

4012 | IV.1 |

4013 | IV.1 |

4014 | IV.1 |

4015 | IV.1 |

4016 | IV.1 |

4017 | IV.1 |

4018 | IV.1 |

4019 | IV.1 |

4020 | IV.1 |

4021 | IV.1 |

4022 | IV.1 |

4023 | IV.1 |

4024 | IV.1 |

4025 | IV.2 |

4026 | IV.1 |

4027 | IV.1 |

4028 | III.2 |

4029 | IV.1 |

4030 | IV.1 |

4031 | IV.1 |

4032 | IV.1 |

4033 | III.2 |

4034 | III.2 |

4035 | IV.1 |

4036 | IV.1 |

4037 | IV.1 |

4038 | IV.1 |

4039 | IV.1 |

4040 | IV.1 |

4041 | IV.1 |

4042 | IV.1 |

4043 | IV.1 |

4044 | IV.1 |

4045 | III.2 |

4046 | III.2 |

4047 | II.1 |

4048 | III.2 |

4049 | III.2 |

4050 | III.2 |

4051 | III.2 |

4052 | III.3 |

4053 | III.3 |

4054 | II.1 |

4055 | II.1 |

4056 | IV.1 |

4057 | IV.1 |

4058 | IV.1 |

4059 | IV.1 |

4060 | IV.1 |

4061 | IV.1 |

4062 | I.1 |

4063 | I.1 |

4064 | III.2 |

4065 | III.2 |

4066 | III.2 |

4067 | III.2 |

4068 | III.2 |

4069 | III.2 |

4070 | III.2 |

4071 | III.2 |

4072 | III.2 |

4073 | III.2 |

4074 | III.2 |

4075 | III.2 |

4076 | I.1 |

4077 | IV.1 |

4078 | IV.1 |

4079 | I.1 |

4080 | I.1 |

4081 | I.1 |

4082 | I.1 |

4083 | I.1 |

4084 | II.1 |

4085 | III.2 |

4086 | II.1 |

4087 | II.1 |

4088 | I.1 |

4089 | I.1 |

4090 | III.2 |

4091 | III.3 |

4092 | II.1 |

4093 | II.1 |

4094 | III.2 |

4095 | III.2 |

4096 | III.2 |

4097 | I.1 |

4098 | I.1 |

4099 | III.2 |

4100 | III.2 |

4101 | III.2 |

4102 | III.1 |

4103 | III.1 |

4104 | I.1 |

4105 | I.1 |

4106 | I.1 |

4107 | I.1 |

4108 | II.1 |

4109 | II.1 |

4110 | III.2 |

4111 | III.2 |

4112 | III.2 |

4113 | III.2 |

4114 | III.1 |

4115 | III.2 |

4116 | III.4 |

4117 | II.1 |

4118 | II.1 |

4119 | I.1 |

4120 | I.1 |

4121 | III.2 |

4122 | III.2 |

4123 | II.1 |

4124 | III.1 |

4125 | III.1 |

4126 | II.1 |

4127 | II.1 |

4128 | I.1 |

4129 | I.1 |

4130 | III.2 |

4131 | III.2 |

4132 | III.2 |

4133 | III.2 |

4134 | II.1 |

4135 | II.1 |

4136 | III.2 |

4137 | III.2 |

4138 | III.2 |

4139 | III.2 |

4140 | III.2 |

4141 | I.1 |

4142 | I.1 |

4143 | III.2 |

4144 | III.2 |

4145 | III.2 |

4146 | III.2 |

4147 | III.1 |

4148 | III.3 |

4149 | III.2 |

4150 | III.2 |

4151 | III.1 |

4152 | III.1 |

4153 | III.2 |

CONTEXT NO | PHASING |
---|---|

4154 | III.2 |

4155 | III.2 |

4156 | III.2 |

4157 | III.1 |

4158 | III.2 |

4159 | III.2 |

4160 | II.1 |

4161 | II.1 |

4162 | III.2 |

4163 | III.2 |

4164 | III.1 |

4165 | III.4 |

4166 | III.2 |

4167 | III.2 |

4168 | III.2 |

4169 | III.2 |

4170 | III.2 |

4171 | III.2 |

4172 | III.2 |

4173 | III.1 |

4174 | II.1 |

4175 | II.1 |

4176 | IV.2 |

4177 | III.1 |

4178 | III.4 |

4179 | III.2 |

4180 | III.2 |

4181 | III.1 |

4182 | I.1 |

4183 | I.1 |

4184 | III.2 |

4185 | III.2 |

4186 | III.2 |

4187 | III.2 |

4188 | III.2 |

4189 | III.2 |

4190 | III.4 |

4191 | IV.1 |

4192 | IV.1 |

4193 | III.2 |

4194 | III.2 |

4195 | III.1 |

4196 | III.1 |

4197 | III.1 |

4198 | III.2 |

4199 | III.2 |

4200 | III.2 |

4201 | III.2 |

4202 | III.2 |

4203 | III.2 |

4204 | III.1 |

4205 | III.2 |

4206 | III.2 |

4207 | III.4 |

4208 | II.1 |

4209 | II.1 |

4210 | II.1 |

4211 | II.1 |

4212 | III.2 |

4213 | III.2 |

4214 | III.2 |

4215 | III.2 |

4216 | III.2 |

4217 | III.2 |

4218 | III.2 |

4219 | III.2 |

4220 | III.2 |

4221 | III.2 |

4222 | III.2 |

4223 | III.2 |

4224 | III.2 |

4225 | III.2 |

4226 | III.2 |

4227 | III.2 |

4228 | III.2 |

4229 | III.2 |

4230 | III.2 |

4231 | III.2 |

4232 | III.2 |

4233 | III.2 |

4234 | III.2 |

4235 | III.2 |

4236 | III.2 |

4237 | III.2 |

4238 | III.1 |

4239 | III.1 |

4240 | III.2 |

4241 | III.2 |

4242 | III.4 |

4243 | IV.1 |

4244 | IV.1 |

4245 | IV.1 |

4246 | IV.1 |

4247 | IV.1 |

4248 | IV.1 |

4249 | III.1 |

4250 | III.1 |

4251 | III.1 |

4252 | III.2 |

4253 | III.1 |

4254 | III.2 |

4255 | III.2 |

4256 | III.2 |

4257 | III.2 |

4258 | II.1 |

4259 | II.1 |

4260 | III.1 |

4261 | III.1 |

4262 | III.2 |

4263 | III.2 |

4264 | III.1 |

4265 | III.1 |

4266 | III.1 |

4267 | III.1 |

4268 | I.1 |

4269 | I.1 |

4270 | III.2 |

4271 | III.2 |

4272 | III.2 |

4273 | III.2 |

4274 | III.1 |

4275 | III.1 |

4276 | III.1 |

4277 | I.1 |

4278 | I.1 |

4279 | III.2 |

4280 | III.2 |

4281 | III.1 |

4282 | III.1 |

4283 | III.2 |

4284 | III.2 |

4290 | III.2 |

4291 | III.2 |

4292 | III.2 |

4293 | III.2 |

4294 | III.2 |

4295 | III.2 |

4296 | III.2 |

4297 | III.2 |

4298 | III.1 |

4299 | III.2 |

4300 | III.2 |

4301 | III.2 |

4302 | III.1 |

4303 | III.1 |

4304 | III.1 |

4305 | III.1 |

4306 | III.1 |

4307 | III.1 |

4308 | III.1 |

4309 | III.1 |

4310 | II.1 |

4311 | II.1 |