Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

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Dr David Williams
Dept of Archaeology
University of Southampton
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University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

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Dressel 43

Distinctive Features

This type can be mistaken for the Rhodian Type on account of its peaked handles, but tends to be smaller and thinner-walled. Moreover, it has a wider, more cylindrical body than the Rhodian type, sometimes with a slight extension towards the bottom. The handles rise to a peak well above the small collar-rim, and there is a slightly bulging neck and a small basal wart. The form comes in a smaller and larger version, both considerably smaller than the Rhodian type.
See characteristics

Date Range

Early first to the first half of the third centuries AD (Empereur et alii, 1991; Marangou-Lerat, 1995).
Search: [1st century AD] [2nd century AD] [3rd century AD]


Production sites are known in Crete, at Herakleion, Knossos, Dermatos and Tsoutsouros (Markoulaki et alii, 1989; Empereur et al., 1991; Marangou-Lerat, 1995).
Search: [Crete] [Eastern Mediterranean] [Greek Islands]


Common in Crete, with a fairly wide distribution elsewhere, notably Italy, France and Britain. It is also found in Lower Germany, Cisalpine Gaul, Pannonia, north Africa, Egypt and the eastern Mediterranean (Marangou-Lerat, 1995; Williams, 2003; Bezeczky, 1994a).
Search: [Crete] [Eastern Mediterranean] [Egypt] [France] [Great Britain] [Italy] [North Africa] [North West Europe]


Cretan wine is mentioned on some tituli picti. This may be the local raisin wine praised by Pliny (Naturalis Historia XIV: 81). However, preserved fruit was also carried, as a titulus pictus from London mentions sorp apples (Williams, 2003).
Search: [Fruit] [Wine]


Principal contributor: David Williams


Crétoise 4

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