Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

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Resource identifiers

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University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

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Gauloise 12

Gauloise 12

Courtesy of Norwich Castle Museum
Alice Lyons

Distinctive Features

This amphora has a ringed base that is either flat or concave. It has a short neck and everted rim made by turning the clay back on itself. The upper face of the wide rim is flat or slightly everted and is decorated with two or three very characteristic deep grooves. On the body, under the lower attachment of the handles, there is a deep wavy decoration, traced by a comb in an uncertain fashion.The lower attachment of the handles is sometimes decorated with designs of lozenges/buttons. Three versions have been defined (Laubenheimer & Lequoy, 1992).
Maximum height: Large size 50cm, middle size 36cm, small size 28cm.
Maximum width: large size 46cm ; middle size 33.6cm, small size 25.3cm.
Maximum rim diameter: Large size 18.1cm, middle size 12.1cm, small size 8.2cm.
See characteristics

Date Range

First to third centuries AD.
Search: [1st century AD] [2nd century AD] [3rd century AD]


Three centres of production are known, at Chartres (Eur-et-Loir), La Bosse close to Le Mans (Sarthe) and at La Boissière-Ecole (Yvelines); two other groups of production have been identified at Vatteville-la-Rue and at Caen by physical and chemical analysis but without locating the exact source (Misone et alii, 1998).
Search: [France] [North West Europe]


Widespread distribution in Normandy with exports to the Channel Islands, the south-west of England and to Scotland.
Search: [France] [Great Britain] [North West Europe]


Probably wine although there is no epigraphic evidence to confirm this.
Capacity: large version 40.6 litres, middle size 14.5 litres, small model 6.4litres.
Search: [Wine]


Principal contributor: Fanette Laubenheimer


Furrowed-rim amphora
Peacock & Williams 55

Terres d’Amphores

Terres d’Amphores
The above link will take you to the new digital database of amphora types and fabrics from Gaulish production centres, 1st - 3rd century A.D. (Maison Archéologie & Ethnologie, René-Ginouvès).

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