Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

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Resource identifiers

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University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

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Haltern 70

Distinctive Features

This type has an everted collar rim with oval handles which have a fairly deep vertical groove. The body is cylindrical with a solid conical spike. The form is rarely stamped (Carreras Monfort et al., 2005).
See characteristics

Date Range

From 80-60 BC to the Antonine period (Tchernia, 1980; Carreras Monfort et al. 2005).
Search: [1st century BC] [1st century AD] [2nd century AD]


Three different regions of Baetica:upper and middle Guadalquivir valley, the Marismas, and the Huelva and coastal region (Carreras Monfort et al., 2005). Some workshops have been recognized in these three areas, but only a few have been excavated completely such as those at Puente Melchor, Hospital de las Cinco Llagas (García Vargas, 2000b) or Pinguele.
Search: [North West Europe] [Spain] [Western Mediterranean]


Fairly widespread in the western Mediterranean and north Atlantic, from Portugal and Spain to Britain, Germany, France, Italy, North Africa and Spain (Carreras Monfort et al. 2005). There is a high concentration of Haltern 70 amphorae in the NW of the Iberian Peninsula around Porto, Bracara Augusta and Vicus (Morais, 1998).
Search: [France] [Great Britain] [Italy] [North Africa] [North West Europe] [Portugal] [Spain] [Western Mediterranean]


Amphorae of this type from the Port Vendres Claudian shipwreck bear inscriptions naming the contents as defrutum, a sweet liquid obtained by boiling down must (Colls et alii, 1977; Parker & Price, 1981). However, other painted inscriptions include olives in defructum or muria as possible content (Carreras Monfort et al., 2005). Wine may also another potential content according to the results from the phytolith analyses (Carreras Monfort et al., 2005).
Search: [Defrutum] [Fish Sauce] [Olives] [Wine]


Principal contributor: César Carreras


Augst 19
Callender 9
Camulodunum 185A
Peacock & Williams 15
Peacock & Williams 61


The following link will take you to the Centro para el Estudio de la Interdependencia Provincial en la Antiguedad Clásica CEIPAC database. In the CEIPAC system this amphora has the ID KE51+BYZ. Note: access to CEIPAC requires registration, which is possible via

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