Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

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Dr David Williams
Dept of Archaeology
University of Southampton
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University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

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Dressel 2-4 Cilician

Distinctive Features

This form has a bead rim, bifid handles, short neck, carinated shoulders and a long cylindrical body ending in a short solid spike.
See characteristics

Date Range

Early to mid first century AD contexts at Mons Claudianus, close to the Red Sea (Tomber, 1998) and Beirut and into the second century AD at Beirut (Reynolds, 2005a).
Search: [1st century AD] [2nd century AD]


Both eastern and western Cilicia. It was produced at the kilns at Yumurtalik in eastern Cilicia (Empereur & Picon, 1989; Reynolds, 2005a), while another version of the Dressel 2-4/Koan type was produced at the kiln site of Bickici in western Cilicia (Rauh & Slane; 2000; Rauh, 2004)
Search: [Western Asia Minor]


At present, the form is only certainly recognised outside of the region at Beirut (Reynolds, 2005a).


Possibly the 'sweet wine' of Cilicia mentioned by Pliny (Rauh & Slane; 2000; Rauh, 2004; Reynolds, 2005a). They may also have carried the famous wine of Laodicea/Latakia, since it appears that Dressel 2-4 were not made in that region (see Reynolds, 2005a).
Search: [Wine]


Principal contributor: David Williams


Callender 2
Koan Amphora
Peacock & Williams 10


The following link will take you to the Centro para el Estudio de la Interdependencia Provincial en la Antiguedad Clásica CEIPAC database. In the CEIPAC system this amphora has the ID KE51+BYZ. Note: access to CEIPAC requires registration, which is possible via

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