Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

Data copyright © University of Southampton unless otherwise stated

This work is licensed under the ADS Terms of Use and Access.
Creative Commons License

Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) logo

Primary contact

Dr David Williams
Dept of Archaeology
University of Southampton
Avenue Campus
SO17 1BJ
Tel: 080 593032

Send e-mail enquiry

Resource identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) are persistent identifiers which can be used to consistently and accurately reference digital objects and/or content. The DOIs provide a way for the ADS resources to be cited in a similar fashion to traditional scholarly materials. More information on DOIs at the ADS can be found on our help page.

Citing this DOI

The updated Crossref DOI Display guidelines recommend that DOIs should be displayed in the following format:
Sample Citation for this DOI

University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

University of Southampton logo

Hammamet 3

Distinctive Features

This form of this type derives from a Punic tradition. It was first noted at the end of the 1990’s on several sites around the northern Hammamet Gulf (Bonifay, 2004a). It is a tall amphora with handles attached on the shoulder. The rim is thickened and grooved on the outer face. Four variants have been noted, from a heavy squared rim with a hanging underside (variant A) to a slimmer and taller rim, rounded on the upper side (variant D). The neck is quite short and cone shaped and the body cylindrical and wide. There are three variants for the solid spikes: cone shaped with an elongated foot, a cylindrical elongated foot with thickened base and a short cylindrical foot with a thickened base. Only one complete example is so far known, somewhat small in size, from Hadrian's Villa, in Italy (Panella in Caprino, 1999).
See characteristics

Date Range

From the end of the fifth century AD (variant A) to the end of the seventh century AD (variant D).
Search: [5th century AD] [6th century AD] [7th century AD]


Northern Hammamet Gulf.
Search: [North Africa] [Tunisia]


Mainly distributed around the northern Hammamet Gulf (Pupput, Sidi Jdidi, Nabeul) (Bonifay, 2004a). Rare examples are found in Spain (Empúries), the south of France (Marseille) and Italy (Villa Adriana).
Search: [France] [Italy] [North Africa] [North West Europe] [Spain] [Tunisia] [Western Mediterranean]


Unknown. Perhaps wine (Bonifay, 2004) but olive oil cannot be excluded. Capacity is over 125 litres, but the small example from the Villa Adriana held around 55 litres.
Search: [Olive Oil]


Principal contributor: Michel Bonifay


The following link will take you to the Centro para el Estudio de la Interdependencia Provincial en la Antiguedad Clásica CEIPAC database. In the CEIPAC system this amphora has the ID KE51+BYZ. Note: access to CEIPAC requires registration, which is possible via

ADS logo
Data Org logo
University of York logo