Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

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University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

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Africana 2D Grande

Distinctive Features

This is quite a large cylindrical amphora ("Africano grande" type of Zevi & Tchernia (1969)). The rim is tall with a flat external face, sometimes gently prominent or forming a continuum with the neck, the presence of which is signified by a groove. The neck tends to be quite conical and the ear shaped handles are quite pronounced. The body is almost perfectly cylindrical, but not as wide as that of the Africana 2A-C types. The solid, massive, spike is elongated and "baluster" shaped. The amphora occasionally has a stamp on the neck, in the form of incised letters on two lines, providing an abbreviated place-name and/or a tria nomina (Manacorda, 1977a). Late variants (Bonifay, 2004) have a narrower rim, neck and body, similar to the Africana 3 (=Keay 25) amphorae. Anepigraphic stamps (circles or half circles) are attested on both variants.
See characteristics

Date Range

Middle to the end of the third century AD? Later variants continue into the fourth century AD.
Search: [3rd century AD] [4th century AD]


Production is attested at Hadrumetum in the Sahel region of Roman Byzacena, as well as at Leptiminus,Sullecthum, Thaenae, Oued El-Akarit, on the basis of the evidence of stamps and surveys of production sites (Panella, 1973, 1982, 2002; Peacock et alii., 1989; Bonifay, 2004).
Search: [North Africa] [Tunisia]


The type is broadly distributed across the west Mediterranean. Some examples are also known from the eastern Mediterranean (Panella, 1973; Keay, 1984; Bonifay, 2004).
Search: [Eastern Mediterranean] [Western Mediterranean]


Perhaps fish-sauce or wine (Bonifay, 2004).Capacity can vary from 40 to 50 litres for variant 1, to 25 litres for variant 2.
Search: [Fish Sauce] [Wine]


Principal contributor: Michel Bonifay


Keay 7


The following link will take you to the Centro para el Estudio de la Interdependencia Provincial en la Antiguedad Clásica CEIPAC database. In the CEIPAC system this amphora has the ID KE51+BYZ. Note: access to CEIPAC requires registration, which is possible via

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