Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

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Primary contact

Dr David Williams
Dept of Archaeology
University of Southampton
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SO17 1BJ
Tel: 080 593032

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Resource identifiers

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University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

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Agora M254

Distinctive Features

These are a range of small amphorae, little more than jars. They have narrow necks with carinated shoulders and rounded handles joining at the shoulder and halfway up the neck or higher, sometimes with shallow, vertical fluting and a squat body with a flat, ring base. Two rim forms have been noted and the base for Type A is slightly wider than for Type B (Ostia 3. 464 and Ostia 1. 453-4, see Panella, 1973). The first is distinctly biconical and is commonest in the western Mediterranean from the second half of the second to the fourth centuries AD. There is evidence to suggest that the rim is less sharp in profile in the fourth century than is the case in the second and third centuries (Riley, 1979). The second rim form (B) is thickened and slightly inturned at the top, occurring from the first to the third centuries AD (Panella, 1973; Riley, 1979).
See characteristics

Date Range

First to fourth centuries AD.
Search: [1st century AD] [2nd century AD] [3rd century AD] [4th century AD]


Type A may come from north Africa, perhaps Tripolitania and Type B possibly Sicily, perhaps near Naxos (Rizzo, 2003).
Search: [Italy] [Libya] [North Africa] [North West Europe]


Tunisia, Spain, Germany, France, Pompeii (Sciallano & Sibella, 1991; Rizzo, 2003).
Search: [France] [Germany] [Italy] [North Africa] [North West Europe] [Spain] [Tunisia] [Western Mediterranean]


Unknown - perhaps wine. Between 17-21 litres capacity.
Search: [Wine]


Principal contributors: David Williams, Clementina Panella and Giorgio Rizzo


Benghazi Mid Roman Amphora 1
Peacock & Williams 40


The following link will take you to the Centro para el Estudio de la Interdependencia Provincial en la Antiguedad Clásica CEIPAC database. In the CEIPAC system this amphora has the ID KE51+BYZ. Note: access to CEIPAC requires registration, which is possible via

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