Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

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University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

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Cádiz fabric

Fabric Visual Characteristics

A hard, slightly rough sandy fabric. In fracture the clay often has a tendency to laminate. Bright grains of quartz, white and transparent, with silver mica and red and brown iron ore. In general the colour is yellowish, often covered by an off-white or off- yellow slip.

Fabric Petrological Characteristics

The amphora production area of Cádiz - including the bay of Cádiz and the surrounding area that encompasses Jerez de la Frontera, El Puerto de Santa María, Rota, Sanlúcar and Chipiona - exhibit ceramics with similar petrological characteristics, due to the use of clays derived from Tertiary and Quaternary sources located at the mouth of the river Guadalete. Thin sectioning shows frequent discrete and occasionally polycrystalline grains of quartz together with lesser quantities of felspar (0.3-0.5 mm.), mostly subangular and consisting mainly of orthoclase or microperthitic intergrowth. Fragments of limestone, fossil pelecypoda and foraminifera are present in small quantities, with rare grains of chert and fine sandstone (Peacock, 1974). The clay matrix contains some 20% of sand with a few particles of iron ore. Lazaro Lagóstena

Amphora made from this fabric


i Dressel 10

i Dressel 11

i Beltrán 2A

i Beltrán 2B

i Dressel 7

i Dressel 8

i Dressel 9