Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

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Dr David Williams
Dept of Archaeology
University of Southampton
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SO17 1BJ
Tel: 080 593032

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University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

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This project was funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council under its Resource Enhancement Scheme between 2002 and 2005 and was also supported by the University of Southampton. It was directed by Simon Keay, while the day to day running of the project, collation of the data, the writing of many of amphora type entries and the majority of the petrological analyses was undertaken by David Williams. A range of colleagues from Britain and overseas were responsible for many other type entries. Claudio Capelli was responsible for the petrological description of the Tunisian fabric of the north African amphora, together with those of Hammamet, Station 48 Ostia, Richborough 527 and Empoli. The overall text and type entries were revised and edited by Simon Keay, with the assistance of Penny Copeland and Jill Phillips. The data-base structure and format of the website was initially established by Roger Winterbottom. It was later restructured by Paul Cripps, in collaboration of Graeme Earl and through liaison with the ADS (Archaeology Data Service) at York. The format of the website is identical to other websites hosted by the ADS. The drawings and manipulation of the photographs and text was undertaken by Penny Copeland and many of the thin sections and photomicrographs were produced by Jill Phillips. David Peacock provided help and encouragement throughout. The project would also like to express its particular gratitude to Michel Bonifay. Finally the project gratefully acknowledges José Remesal Rodríguez for facilitating direct links between some amphora types in the website and the stamp catalogue of CEIPAC.

Scientific Collaboration

Amphora Descriptions

The study of Roman amphorae has grown very considerably over the last thirty years making it virtually impossible for a single individual to summarize knowledge of all amphora types, even at the basic level undertaken in this project. As a consequence, it was decided to draw upon the collaboration of a range of experts in different kinds of amphora to comment upon, and in some cases, write completely the text descriptions of the amphorae. The list of specialists and the type descriptions to which they contributed is listed below. Since many amphorae have various alternative names, they are referred to here by the first, or principal, name listed at the start of each amphora "page" in the website, unless a second name sets them apart from another form with a similar first name, or unless the form is a hybrid: a full range of names are listed on each amphora page.

Paul Arthur (Università di Lecce):
Samos Cistern Type.

Tamás Bezeczky (Österreichische Archaologisches Institut):
Aquincum 78, Bonis 31/5, Brindisian amphora, Dressel 6A, Dressel 6B, Dressel ante 6B, Dressel 25, Lamboglia 2, Porto Recanati, Schörgendorfer 558.

Michel Bonifay (Université de Aix-en-Provence):
Africana 1 Piccolo, Africana 2A, 2B, 2B pseudo-Tripolitania, 2C, 2D, 2A, 2B, 2C, Carthage EA4, Con orlo a fascia, Dressel 2-4 African, Dressel 26, Dressel 30-Keay 1A, Dressel 30-Keay 1B, Dressel 30-North African variants, Hammamet 1, 2 and 3, Keay 39, Keay 8A, 8B, 21, 27, 34, 35A, 35B, 36A, 36B, 39, 40, 41,55, 56, 57, 59, 61A, B & D, 61C, 62A, D & E, 62 Q & R, Leptiminus 1 & 2, Ostia 23, Ostia 59, Sidi Jdidi 1, Sidi Jdidi 2, Spatheion 1, 2 & 3, Station 48 Ostia, Tripolitanian 1, 2 and 3, Van der Werff, 1, 2 and 3, Vindonissa 592.

César Carreras (Institut Català de Arqueología Clásica, Tarragona, affiliate of CEIPAC):
Dressel 2-4 Almadrava, Dressel 2-4 Baetican, Dressel 2-4 Catalan, Dressel 20, Dressel 20 similis Oliva 3, Dressel 23, Dressel 28, Gauloise 4 similis Almadrava III, Haltern 70, Haltern 70 similis Rhône valley, Haltern 70 similis Verulamium 1908, Oberaden 83, Pascual 1.

Carlos Fabião (Universidade de Lisboa):
Almagro 50, 51A-B, 51C, Dressel 14, Keay 78, Lusitanian 3 & 9.

Sergio Fontana (Cooperativa Parsifal, Rome):
Mau 35.

Pina Franco (University of Southampton):
Castrum Perti

Francis Grew and Fiona Seeley (Museum of London):
Dressel 2-4 in Verulamium Region White Ware, Gauloise amphorae in Sugar Loaf Court Ware, Gauloise amphorae in Verulamium region white slipped ware, Gauloise 1 similis in Verulamium Region White Ware, Gauloise 4/5/6 similis in Verulamium Region White Ware.

Lazaro Lagóstena (Universidad de Cádiz, affiliate of CEIPAC):
Beltrán 2A, Beltrán 2B, Beltrán 4B, Beltrán 72, Dressel 7, 8, 9 and 10.

Fanette Laubenheimer (CNRS, Maison de l'archéologie et ethnologie):
Gauloise 1, Gauloise 2, Gauloise 3, Gauloise 4, Gauloise 5, Gauloise 6, Gauloise 7, Gauloise 8, Gauloise 9, Gauloise 10, Gauloise 11, Gauloise 12, Gauloise 13, Gauloise 14, Gauloise 15, Gauloise 16/Dressel 9 similis.

John Lund (Nationalmuseet Dansk):
Agora G199, Agora M54, Amphore de Pamphylie.

Andrei Opait (Toronto, Canada):
Opait B, Opait C1, Opait C2, Opait E4, Opait E8, Opait E9, Opait F9, Telita type.

David Peacock (University of Southampton):
Ayla-Axum type.

Paul Reynolds (American University, Beirut):
Almagro 54, AM 72, Amrit, Beirut 1, Beirut 2, Beirut 3, Beirut 8, Late Roman Amphora 1, Late Roman Amphora 5 and 6, Peacock and Williams Class 65 and 66.

David Williams (University of Southampton):
Agora F65-66, Agora K109, Agora M273, Agora M334, Almagro 51C Variant, Amphore Egyptiénne AE1, Amphore Egyptiénne 2, Amphore Egyptiénne Bitronconique AE3, Amphore à Saumure d'Espagne, Augst 17, 28, 33, 34, 35, 46, 47, Bailey Type A, Campanian Almond-rim, Camulodunum 139, Camulodunum 176, Carrot, Chalk 6, Crétoise 1, Crétoise 2, Crétoise 3, Crypta Balbi 1, Crypta Balbi 2, Dressel 1B similis Lyon, Dressel 2-4 Almadrava, Dressel 2-4 Cos, Dressel 2-4 Egyptian, Dressel 2-4 Lyon 2, Dressel 2-4 Cilician, Dressel 2-4 Cos, Dressel 2-4 Egyptian, Dressel 2-4 Italian, Dressel 5, 9 & 10 similis, 11, 12, 16, 17, 24, 35, 43, Egloff 172, Kapitän 1, Kapitän 2, Keay 47, 51, 52, Kuzmanov 9, Late Roman Amphora 2, Late Roman Amphora 3, Late Roman Amphora 7, Late Roman Amphora 13, Lomba da Canho, Mid Roman Amphora 5, Pascual 1 similis, Peacock and Williams Class 52, 59 and 60, Pompeii V, Pompeii 7, Pompeii 13, Pompeii 38, Pseudo-Koan, Ramón 25, Ramón 41, Rhodian Type, Richborough 527, Stonea.

David Williams (University of Southampton), with the assistance of Clementina Panella (Dipartimento di Scienze Storico, Archeologiche e Antropológiche dell'Antichita, Università di Roma La Sapienza), and Simon Keay (University of Southampton):
Dressel 1, Dressel 2-4 Italian, Greco-italic.

David Williams (University of Southampton), with the assistance of Clementina Panella (Dipartimento di Scienze Storico, Archeologiche e Antropológiche dell'Antichita, Università di Roma La Sapienza):
Dressel 2-4 Flat-based, Dressel 21-22.

David Williams (University of Southampton), with the assitance of Clementina Panella and Giorgio Rizzo (GR: Università di Roma, La Sapienza):
Agora M254, Empoli, Forlimpopoli.

David Williams and Simon Keay (University of Southampton),:
Keay 52, Spello

Amphora Samples:

The Department of Archaeology at the University of Southampton has accumulated a broad range of amphora samples from various sources over the years. However, this was insufficient to cover the full range of amphorae encompassed in this project. As a result, a number of institutions and colleagues kindly provided samples for analysis and inclusion in this project and the project gratefully acknowledges their welcome collaboration. These are as follows:

Prof. Paul Arthur
Dr. R. Auriemma
Dr. Tamás Bezeczky
The British School at Rome(Dr. Helen Patterson)
César Carreras
Carlos Fabião (Museu Nacional de Arqueologia de Portugal)
Sergio Fontana (Cooperativa Parsifal, Rome)
Dr. Enrique García Vargas (Departamento de Prehistoria y Arqueología, Universidad de Sevilla)
Dottssa Ana Gallina Zevi (Soprintendenza di Beni Archeologici di Ostia)
Dr. J. Lund
Dottssa Ana Maria Moretti Sgubini (Soprintendenza Archeologica di Etruria Meridionale)
Museu Arqueològic de la Ciutat de Dénia (Dr. Josep Gisbert)
Musée Romain d'Avenches
Museum of London
Norwich Castle Museum
Prof. D.P.S. Peacock
Profs. M. Picon & Y-E. Empereur
Dr. P. Reynolds
Dra Pilar Sada (Museu Nacional Arqueològic de Tarragona)
Dr. Roman Sauer
Prof. David Soren
Southampton Museum
Dottssa Laura Venditelli (Museo Nazionale Romano (Crypta Balbi))
York Museum

All of the samples used in this website are curated at the University of Southampton as a national resource and available for consultation.

Photographic Credits:

The project has been very fortunate to receive photographs from a number of sources and for which we are indebted. Photographs are subject to copyright and any use must be authorised by the authors or institutions specified individually on each photo.

Prof. Paul Arthur
Athens Metro display
Ayuntamiento Puerto Real, Cádiz Bedford Museum
Tamás Bezeczky
Bodrum Museum of Underwater Archaeology
British Museum
Castle Museum, Colchester
Church of S. Mariá, Tarrasa
Cirencester Research Committee
Sasa Diminiç
J-Y Empereur
English Heritage
English Heritage, Richborough Museum
Dr. Sergio Fontana
Dr. Darren Glazier
Graeco-Roman Museum, Alexandria
Hotel El Mehdi, Mahdia
Dr. Lásló Kocsis
Dr. S. Ladstaetter, Institut für Kulturgeschichte der Antike der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
Jewry Wall Museum, Leicester
Magdalensburg Excavations
Marguerite Attree
Dott.ssa Stephania Mazzochin
Musée Romain d'Avenches
Masawa Museum
Musée d'Istres
Museo Arqueològic d' Empúries
Museo Archeologico Nazionale "Gaio Cilnio Mecenate" Arezzo
Museo de Cádiz
Museo Arqueológico de Granada
Museo Arqueológico de Sevilla
Museo El Puerto de Santa Maria, Cádiz
Museo dei Fori Imperiale e Mercati Traianei
Museo Nacional de Arqueología Maritima, Cartagena
Museo Nazionale Romano (Crypta Balbi)
Museu Arqueològic de Barcelona
Museu Arqueològic de la Ciutat de Denia
Museu Nacional de Arqueologia, Lisbon
Museu Nacional Arqueològic de Tarragona
Museum of the Athenian Agora
Museum of London
Prof. David Peacock
Dr. J. Riley
Roman Legionary Museum, Amgueddfa'r Lleng Rufeinig, Caerleon
Römermuseum Augst
Prof. David Soren
Symi Archaeological Museum
Trustees of the British Museum
Universitat Oberta de Catalunya
Verulamium Museum
Wien Museum
Dr. D. F. Williams
Wiltshire Heritage Museum