CBA Occasional Papers

Council for British Archaeology, 2000 (updated 2013)

Data copyright © Council for British Archaeology unless otherwise stated

This work is licensed under the ADS Terms of Use and Access.
Creative Commons License

Council for British Archaeology logo

Primary contact

Council for British Archaeology
92 Micklegate
Tel: 01904 671417

Send e-mail enquiry

Resource identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) are persistent identifiers which can be used to consistently and accurately reference digital objects and/or content. The DOIs provide a way for the ADS resources to be cited in a similar fashion to traditional scholarly materials. More information on DOIs at the ADS can be found on our help page.

Citing this DOI

The updated Crossref DOI Display guidelines recommend that DOIs should be displayed in the following format:
Sample Citation for this DOI

Council for British Archaeology (2013) CBA Occasional Papers [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

Joint Information Systems Committee logo
Heds Digitisation Services logo

Modern Military Matters. Studying and managing the twentieth-century defence heritage in Britain: a discussion document

John Schofield

CBA Occasional Papers No. 24 (2004)

With contributions by:
Mike Anderton, John Beavis, Jonathan Coad, Wayne Cocroft, Colin Dobinson, William Foot, Doreen Grove, Vince Holyoak, David Hunt, Andrew Johnson, Jeremy Lake, Annabel Lawrence, James O'Neill, Ian Oxley, Bill Reid, Andrew Saunders, and Roger J C Thomas

ISBN 1 902771 37 0


Title page of report 24

The need has been identified for a clear and coherent statement of the state of knowledge and future research priorities relating to the study and management of twentieth-century military remains in Britain. This is a large and diverse subject whose research might variously involve the use of documents, oral history and secondary sources, alongside physical remains in the form of, for example, archaeological and architectural evidence (terrestrial and maritime), wall art and graffiti, and the character or 'personality' of militarised areas. Over the last three decades much valuable work has been undertaken in these related fields by amateur and professional researchers, culminating in national strategic studies such as the Defence of Britain Project and projects commissioned by English Heritage's Monuments Protection Programme (MPP), Historic Scotland and RCAHMS, and other heritage agencies. At the conclusion of these related studies it is timely that we address the state of knowledge, and consider for the first time future research and priorities. Consequently, this report is divided into three sections:

  • 1 resource assessment - reviewing the current state of knowledge
  • 2 research agenda - what gaps exist in our understanding of the subject, and how these research needs might be met
  • 3 priorities for implementing the agenda.
This discussion document and particularly the agenda will be time limited, requiring regular review and modification as the subject matures and develops. Its purpose is to promote dialogue and discussion amongst a wide audience, extend owndership and participation, improve understanding, and to generate ever more refined and intellectually robust research agenda. Yet, this is a document that starts from a position of strength. Much work on modern military archaeology has been completed in the past decade, in the form of coordinated strategic studies, providing a sound basis from which local and more detailed research programmes can proceed. This is not therefore a document that attempts to give focus where focus and coordination were previously lacking. Rather, it attempts to promote targeted academic research, and give a focus to evaluation and archaeological investigations that arise through planning and development control procedures. In other words it is a document that provides context and recommends priorities; affirms the value and cultural benefits of studying modern military sites; and confirms their place alongside other more conventional categories of cultural heritage. As the title states: modern military matters.


  • Title pages (pp i-iv)
  • Contents (pp v-vi)
  • List of figures (pp vii-viii)
  • List of contributors (pp ix)
  • Acknowledgements (pp x)
  • Background in English, French and German (pp xi-xii)
  • Foreword by George Lambrick (pp xiii)
  • Introduction (pp 1-4)
  • Part 1: Assessment: the known resource (p 5)
    • Theme 1: The militarised landscape (pp 5-7)
    • Theme 2: Research and Development and manufacturing (pp 7-10)
    • Theme 3: Infrastructure and Support (pp 10-16)
    • Theme 4: Operations (pp 16-33)
    • Theme 5: Commemmoration (pp 33-36)
  • Part 2: Reserach Agenda (pp 37-56)
  • Part 3: The way ahead (pp 57-58)
  • Conclusion (pp 59-61)
  • Useful addresses (p 62)
  • References(pp 63-65)

Download report

Modern Military Matters. Studying and managing the twentieth-century defence heritage in Britain: a discussion document (CBA Occassional Papers 24) PDF 2 Mb

ADS logo
Data Org logo
University of York logo