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Maritime Celts, Frisians and Saxons

Sean McGrail (editor)

CBA Research Report No 71 (1990)

ISBN 0 906780 63 4


Title page of report 71

Over the weekend of the 11th- 13th November 1988 a conference on Maritime Celts, Frisians and Saxons was held in the Department for External Studies, University of Oxford. The conference attracted 90 participants from countries bordering the North Sea and the Channel, from Sweden in the Baltic, from Ireland to the north of the south-west approaches, and from Switzerland at the headwaters of the Rhine. The participants included not only archaeologists and historians but also naval architects and specialists in sea-level studies.

The aim of the conference organisers was to promote discussion of the maritime and riverine aspects of the southern North Sea and Channel region from c 300 BC to c AD 800. During the earlier centuries of this period, the Atlantic seaboard routes between the Mediterranean and north-west Europe became more intensively used and were re-orientated as Iberia and Gaul, and then southern Britain, were absorbed into the Roman Empire. Although some of these western routes continued to be used in the post-Roman period, this was on a reduced scale, and the focus for maritime commercial activity appears to have shifted from the Channel region to the southern North Sea, in particular to the lower reaches of the Rhine and adjacent waters. But traders were not the only seafarers in the thousand years or so covered by this volume - raiders, pirates, migrants, missionaries and fishermen also sailed these waters and those of the Channel and the Irish Sea.


  • Title pages
  • Contents (p v)
  • List of illustrations (p vi)
  • List of tables (p vii)
  • Contributors (p vii)
  • Editor's introduction (pp viii-ix)
  • 1 Sea-level and coastline changes during the last 5000 years by M J Tooley (pp 1-16)
  • 2 Controls on coastal and sea-level changes and the application of archaeological-historical records to understanding recent patterns of sea-level movement by J J N Devoy (pp 17-26)
  • 3 Hengistbury Head: a late prehistoric haven by B Cunliffe (pp 27-31)
  • 4 Boats and boatmanship in the late prehistoric southern North Sea and Channel region by S McGrail (pp 32-48)
  • 5 The Romano-Celtic ship excavated at St Peter Port, Guernsey by M Rule (pp 49-56)
  • 6 The heritage of logboats and Gallo-Roman boats of Lake Neuchatel: technology and typology by B Arnold (pp 57-65)
  • 7 A re-assessment of Blackfriars 1 by P Marsden (pp 66-74)
  • 8 Barges of the Zwammerdam type and their building procedures by M D de Weerd (pp 75-76)
  • 9 The Romano-Celtic boats from Druten and Kapel Avezaath by L Th Lehmann (pp 77-81)
  • 10 Maritime traffic between the Rhine and Roman Britain: a preliminary note by G Milne (pp 82-84)
  • 11 On the use of the word Frisian in the 6th-10th centuries written sources: some interpretations by S Lebecq (pp 85-90)
  • 12 The Frisian monopoly of coastal transport in the 6th-8th centuries AD by D Ellmers (pp 91-92)
  • 13 The Channel from the 4th to the 7th centuries AD by I Wood (pp 93-97)
  • 14 Boats and ships of the Angles and Jutes by O Crumlin-Pedersen (pp 98-116)
  • 15 Pre-Viking traffic in the North Sea by M O H Carver (pp 117-125)
  • 16 A new boat burial from the Snape Anglo-Saxon cemetery, Suffolk by W Filmer-Sankey (pp 126-134)
  • Index (pp 135-140)

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