Chalgrove Manor, Harding's Field, Chalgrove, Oxfordshire

Alex Smith, 2008

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Alex Smith (2008) Chalgrove Manor, Harding's Field, Chalgrove, Oxfordshire [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]


Photograph of east range

Archaeological investigations at Harding's Field, Chalgrove, revealed the remains of one of the most complete examples of a moated medieval manor yet excavated in England. Evidence of a pre-moat occupation dating from the first half of the 13th century, which may not have been seignorial, was succeeded in the mid 13th century by the construction of the moated manor house. The documentary evidence indicates that this house belonged to the Barentins, a prominent Oxfordshire family.

The manor underwent considerable alterations and improvements during the following 200 years, particularly during the early part of the 14th century and, to a lesser extent, in the late 14th to early 15th century. It passed out of the hands of the Barentin family shortly before it was demolished in the late 15th century.

The artefacts included an assemblage of pottery that contained many fine wares and some examples of continental imports. Decorated floor tiles, coins, objects of metal, bone, ivory and stone, together with vessel and window glass, clay tobacco pipes and some slags were also recovered. A significant bone assemblage was recovered, including mammal, bird and fish remains.

The digital dissemination of important parts of the digital archive was part of the English Heritage Rescue of Complete Archaeological Projects (RECAP) initiative.

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