Excavations at the Valiant Soldier, Exeter, 1973-74 (Exeter archive site 44)

Cotswold Archaeology, Exeter City Council, 2015

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Cotswold Archaeology, Exeter City Council (2015) Excavations at the Valiant Soldier, Exeter, 1973-74 (Exeter archive site 44) [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor] https://doi.org/10.5284/1035181


Excavations at the Valiant Soldier, Exeter, 1973-74  (Exeter archive site 44)

From July 1973 to June 1974 excavations took place on the site of the former Valiant Soldier Public House at the top of Holloway Street in advance of a new road scheme.

The Valiant Soldier site was situated about 100 metres south-east of the South Gate of the City Wall at SX 9218/9225 and was outside the Roman legionary fortress about 250 metres south-east of the suspected site of the porta principalis sinistra of the defences.

Remains of the post-medieval, medieval and the Roman civil periods were recorded overlying and cutting features of the Roman military period. This period, at Exeter, is dated from c AD 55/60 - c 75/80. Roman military levels were first encountered on the site at about 29.5 metres above Ordnance Datum. The remains of at least three timber buildings arranged around a courtyard were recovered. These buildings were thought to comprise part of a suite of buildings located within a compound to the south-east of the legionary fortress.