The Society of Antiquaries of Scotland

Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 2003 (updated 2020)

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Society of Antiquaries of Scotland (2020) The Society of Antiquaries of Scotland [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]


Society Of Antiquaries Of Scotland
Edinburgh 1995
Monograph Series Number 10



John H. Lewis & Gordon J. Ewart

Richard Fawcett & Dennis Gallagher

a foreword by Chris Tabraham

and contributions by
David H. Caldwell, Thea Gabra-Sanders, C. Pamela Graves, Richard Grove, George Haggarty, John Higgitt, Nicholas McQ. Holmes, Robin Murdoch, Clare Thomas & Robert Will

Dennis Gallagher, Pamela Graves, Angela Townsend & Marion O'Neil




List of illustrations

List of tables

Foreword   Chris Tabraham

1 Introduction

1.1 Historical background

1.2 Location

1.3 Physiography

1.4 The abbey within the town

1.5 Repairs and excavations prior to 1984

2 The 1984 excavations

2.1 Period I: pre-Augustinian activity

2.2 Period II: the building of the abbey (c 1138-c 1300)

2.3 Period III: remodelling and rebuilding (c 1300-c 1480)

2.4 Period IV: later repairs and alterations (c 1480-1559)

2.5 Period V: post-Reformation activity (1559-1875)

3 Excavation within the abbey church 1990

4 The small finds

4.1 Bone and ivory   David H Caldwell
The comb, pendant and buckle   John Higgitt

4.2 Copper-alloy   David H Caldwell
Lace tag discussion   Thea Gabra-Sanders

4.3 Lead   David H Caldwell

4.4 Iron   David H Caldwell

4.5 Coins, tokens and jettons   Nicholas McQ Holmes

4.6 Ceramic material   George Haggarty & Robert Will

4.7 Stone sculpture   Dennis Gallagher

4.8 Window glass   C Pamela Graves

4.9 Vessel glass   Robin Murdoch

4.10 Leather   Clare Thomas

4.11 Textiles   Thea Gabra-Sanders

4.12 Clay tobacco pipes   Dennis Gallagher

5 The human burials   Richard Grove

5.1 Monastic burials

5.2 Non-monastic burial

5.3 Post-monastic burials

6 Discussion of the excavation results

6.1 Pre-Augustinian activity (Period I)

6.2 The major building phase of the abbey from 1138 to the beginning of the 14th century (Period II)

6.3 Remodelling and rebuilding in the 14th and 15th centuries (Period III)

6.4 Later repairs and alterations from the late 15th to the mid-16th centuries (Period IV)

6.5 The development of the East range

6.6 The abbey fortified?

6.7 Post-Reformation activity (Period V)

6.8 In conclusion

7 The layout of the abbey   Dennis Gallagher

7.1 The East end of the church

7.2 The nave

7.3 The claustral buildings

7.4 The size of the cloister

8 The architectural development of the abbey church   Richard Fawcett

8.1 The construction of the eastern limb and transepts

8.2 The remodelling of the presbytery

8.3 The addition of the nave

8.4 The clerestoreys of the nave and choir

8.5 The reconstruction of the North transept

8.6 Operations in the area of the crossing and South transept

8.7 The final medieval building operations