Surrey Archaeological Collections

Surrey Archaeological Society, 2003 (updated 2016)

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Surrey Archaeological Society (2016) Surrey Archaeological Collections [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

A 16th Century Glasshouse at Knightons, Alfold, Surrey


This paper describes the results of the excavation by the Surrey Archaeological Society, from 1965 to 1973, of a hitherto unknown and unrecorded glasshouse, and discusses their implications. The glasshouse was completely excavated, and all its structures and features were investigated. It dates from the 1550s, and represents the final stage of the ‘Early’ phase of Wealden (Forest) glass in England. The glasshouse consisted of two working (melting) furnaces of standard rectangular northern European (Forest) type, one of which had been rebuilt; a horizontal two-chamber furnace designed for annealing crown sheets (so far unique in England); a cullet store; a tip of furnace waste; a working floor; and two claypits. The site is of national importance, at the least. This derives from the annealing furnace, from the rare possibility of being able to distinguish, with reasonable confidence, local manufacture from cullet brought in from elsewhere, and from the unusually comprehensive range of glass produced in the middle years of the 16th century.

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