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https://doi.org/10.5284/1000221
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Surrey Archaeological Society (2016) Surrey Archaeological Collections [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor] https://doi.org/10.5284/1000221

The peasant land market on the bishop of Winchesters's manor of Farnham, 1263-1349

MARK PAGE

This paper explores the nature of the peasant land market on the bishop of Winchester's manor of Farnham in the period 1263-1349, as revealed by the entry fines recorded in the Winchester pipe rolls. The aim is to demonstrate, first, that inheritance was the pre-eminent means by which land was transferred from one tenant to the next. Secondly, the paper suggests that despite the large amounts of purpresture available, the visible inter-vivos land market was surprisingly muted. Purpresture was land recently brought into cultivation which lay outside the ancient tenurial structure of the manor. Nevertheless, at Farnham, this new land tended to be absorbed into the standard customary holdings and remain within the family, thereby stifling the growth of an active market in land. This was a distinctive feature of the manor's pattern of landholdings. Finally, the paper also reveals that the bishop of Winchester might intervene to prevent the accumulation or fragmentation of customary tenements. Thus, lordship appears to have been a powerful factor in the evolution of the peasant land market on Farnham manor.

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