Palaeoinformatic approach to the context of the earliest human dispersals (PACED)

Alan Turner, Laura Bishop, Sarah Elton, Angela Lamb, Hannah O'Regan, 2007

Data copyright © Prof Alan Turner unless otherwise stated

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Dr Hannah O'Regan
School of Biological and Earth Sciences
James Parsons Building
Byrom St
L3 3AF
Tel: 01512 312180

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Alan Turner, Laura Bishop, Sarah Elton, Angela Lamb, Hannah O'Regan (2007) Palaeoinformatic approach to the context of the earliest human dispersals (PACED) [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]



The PACED project aimed to provide a context for the current theories of hominin migration out of Africa between 3.0-0.5Ma (million years ago). Although there are relatively few sites from this period with fossil human remains (also known as hominins or hominids) there are many more sites with non-hominin mammalian faunas in Africa, Asia and Europe. For example, there are perhaps 15 sites with hominin remains in Eurasia between 2.0-0.5Ma, whilst there are estimated to be some 800 faunal sites. Studying hominins as part of the mammalian fauna is quite an unusual approach, and one which looks at them as animals with requirements such as food, water and particular landscape attributes that they have in common with other creatures. This project was deliberately large scale and geographically wide ranging to get the broadest possible view of Pliocene and Pleistocene terrestrial mammal movements.

Project website:

Further info:

Papers from the project:

  • Elton, S.E. (in press) 'Environmental correlates of the cercopithecoid radiations'. Folia Primatologica.
  • Hughes, J., Elton, S.E. & O'Regan, H.J. (in press) 'Theropithecus and 'Out of Africa' dispersal in the Plio-Pleistocene'. Journal of Human Evolution.
  • O'Regan, H., Bishop, L., Lamb, A., Elton, S. & Turner, A. (2005) Large mammal turnover in Africa and the Near East 1.0 - 0.5 Ma. In: M.J. Head & P. Gibbard, P. (Eds) Early-Middle Pleistocene Transition: The Land-Ocean Evidence. Geological Society Special Publications 247: 231-249 London: The Geological Society of London.
  • O'Regan, H.J., Bishop, L.C., Elton, S., Lamb, A. & Turner, A. (2006) Afro-Eurasian mammalian dispersal routes of the late Pliocene and early Pleistocene and their bearings on earliest hominin movements. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 256: 305-314.
  • Turner, A & O'Regan, H.J. (2007) 'Zoogeography - primate and early hominin distribution and migration patterns'. In: Handbook of Palaeoanthropology Vol 1: Principles, Methods and Approaches. Henke, W. & Tattersall, I. (Eds), pp. 271-290. New York: Springer
  • Turner, A. & O'Regan, H.J. (2007) 'Afro-Eurasian mammalian fauna and early hominin dispersals'. In: The Evolution and History of Human Populations in South Asia. Petraglia, M.D. & Allchin, B. (Eds), pp. 23-39. New York: Springer.