Zazzo, A., Balasse, M. and Patterson, W. (2006). The reconstruction of mammal individual history:. J Archaeol Sci 33 (8). Vol 33(8), pp. 1177-1187.

Title
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Title:
The reconstruction of mammal individual history:
Subtitle
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Subtitle:
refining high-resolution isotope record in bovine tooth dentine
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Issue:
J Archaeol Sci 33 (8)
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Journal of Archaeological Science
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Volume:
33 (8)
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Page Start/End:
1177 - 1187
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Longitudinal and transverse carbon isotope profiles were performed on tooth dentine from five steers (Bos taurus) initially fed C3 and subsequently C4-dominant food. Comparison of different protocols for bioapatite extraction revealed that the use of NaOCl considerably reduced the amplitude of variation of 13C within a tooth. Increasing contribution of C4 food to the carbon isotope composition of bioapatite was found from the tip of the tooth crown to the neck and from the enamel--dentine junction toward the pulp cavity. These findings confirm that the model of dentine growth as a succession of stacked cones applies to bovines. Temporal resolution is estimated to be four months in transverse profiles, significantly better than in longitudinal dentine profiles (eight--nine months) or even in profiles derived from enamel of the same individual (six--seven months). Temporal resolution could be improved by a factor of two by selecting a different sampling zone or refining the sampling protocol. This sampling strategy could also be applied to dentine collagen and has important ecological and archaeological implications including determination of the season of weaning, or the reconstruction of mobility strategies.
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Author:
Antoine Zazzo
Marie Balasse
William P Patterson
Year of Publication
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2006
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BIAB (The British & Irish Archaeological Bibliography (BIAB))
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URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03054403
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29 Jun 2006