Olsen, J., Heinemeier, J., Bennike, P., Krause, C., Hornstrup, K. and Thrane, H. (2008). Characterisation and blind testing of radiocarbon dating of cremated bone. J Archaeol Sci 35 (3). Vol 35(3), pp. 791-800.

Title
Title
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Title:
Characterisation and blind testing of radiocarbon dating of cremated bone
Issue
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Issue:
J Archaeol Sci 35 (3)
Series
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Series:
Journal of Archaeological Science
Volume
Volume
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Volume:
35 (3)
Page Start/End
Page Start/End
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Page Start/End:
791 - 800
Biblio Note
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Publication Type
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Publication Type:
Journal
Abstract
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Abstract:
The success of radiocarbon dating of burned or cremated bones depends on the exposed temperature during burning and the degree of re-crystallisation of the inorganic bone matrix. The authors present a method for characterisation of likely cremated bones by employing visual inspection, infrared spectrometry and carbon stable isotope analysis on the bio-apatite fraction. The method of radiocarbon dating of cremated bones was tested by dating paired samples of bone and associated context materials such as pitch, charcoal and a dendrochronologically dated oak coffin. The dating of these paired test samples were largely performed as blind tests and showed excellent agreement between pitch and bone. The weighted mean age difference of all test samples is observed to −9 ± 60 14C yr. To test the indicators and the effects of the degree of burning, a Late Neolithic human individual has been studied, as this individual exhibits the full spectrum from low temperature burning (charred) to high temperature (`cremated') from one end of a single bone to the other. This is reflected as a marked step in numerous parameters as well as in a significant difference in 14C age between the charred and the cremated bone samples.
Author
Author
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Author:
Jesper Olsen
Jan Heinemeier
Pia Bennike
Cille Krause
Karen Margrethe Hornstrup
H Thrane
Year of Publication
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2008
Locations
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Subjects / Periods:
Burning (Auto Detected Subject))
Late Neolithic (MIDAS)
Bone (Auto Detected Subject))
Coffin (Auto Detected Subject))
Pitch Charcoal (Auto Detected Subject))
Cremated Bones (Auto Detected Subject))
Radiocarbon Dating (Auto Detected Subject))
Cremated Bone Samples (Auto Detected Subject))
Cremated Bone (Auto Detected Subject))
Carbon Stable (Auto Detected Subject))
Source
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Source:
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BIAB (The British & Irish Archaeological Bibliography (BIAB))
Relations
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URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03054403
Created Date
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Created Date:
21 Jul 2008