Amesbury, M. J., Charman, D. J., Langdon, P. G., West, S. and Fyfe, R. M. (2008). Bronze Age upland settlement decline in southwest England. J Archaeol Sci 35 (1). Vol 35(1), pp. 87-98.

Title
Title
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Title:
Bronze Age upland settlement decline in southwest England
Subtitle
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Subtitle:
testing the climate change hypothesis
Issue
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Issue:
J Archaeol Sci 35 (1)
Series
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Series:
Journal of Archaeological Science
Volume
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Volume:
35 (1)
Page Start/End
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Page Start/End:
87 - 98
Biblio Note
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Publication Type
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Publication Type:
Journal
Abstract
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Abstract:
The division of land on Dartmoor during the Bronze Age by the construction of moor-wide boundaries known as reaves represents a significant development in agricultural practice and land tenure. Previous research relating to the Dartmoor reaves suggests this way of life may have continued for no longer than 200--400 years. It has been suggested that their abandonment occurred as the result of a deteriorating climate, although there are no published palaeoclimatic reconstructions from the area. The authors therefore test the hypothesis that on Dartmoor, a marked climatic deterioration occurred in the Late Bronze Age that can be linked to the abandonment of the reaves. A palaeoclimatic reconstruction derived from testate amoebae and peat humification analyses is presented from Tor Royal Bog, central Dartmoor. A major shift to a cooler and/or wetter climate is inferred from c. 1395 to 1155 cal BC that is coincident with the period hypothesised as encompassing the abandonment. This climatic deterioration is replicated in sites in northern Britain, suggesting it was a widespread event. It is concluded that while the evidence supports a climatically forced retreat, there are a range of other socio-economic factors that must also be taken into consideration.
Author
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Author:
Matthew J Amesbury
Daniel J Charman
Peter G Langdon
Steven West
Ralph M Fyfe
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2008
Locations
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Subjects / Periods:
Settlement (Auto Detected Subject))
Bronze Age (Auto Detected Temporal)
Late Bronze Age (Auto Detected Temporal)
1395 To 1155 Cal Bc (Auto Detected Temporal)
Source
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Source:
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BIAB (The British & Irish Archaeological Bibliography (BIAB))
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URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03054403
Created Date
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Created Date:
21 Jul 2008