Svensson, E. M., Götherström, A. and Vretemark, M. (2008). A DNA test for sex identification in cattle confirms osteometric results. J Archaeol Sci 35 (4). Vol 35(4), pp. 942-946.

Title
Title
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Title:
A DNA test for sex identification in cattle confirms osteometric results
Issue
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Issue:
J Archaeol Sci 35 (4)
Series
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Series:
Journal of Archaeological Science
Volume
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Volume:
35 (4)
Page Start/End
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Page Start/End:
942 - 946
Biblio Note
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Journal
Abstract
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Abstract:
Sex identification of cattle remains, in order to understand the strategies and importance of cattle husbandry in an ancient society, is usually done from osteoarchaeological assemblages and often relies on measurements of metapodials. The breadth measurement of the distal trochlea is considered an easy way to identify the sex. Bones from males appear to be easily distinguishable from female counterparts, although it has been complicated to find an external control for the morphological results. Here the authors investigate the reliability of these particular morphometrics for sex identifying cattle bones with molecular genetics. They use a sex discriminating single nucleotide polymorphism in the ZFXY gene and apply it to DNA from the bones. To keep the fragment size short and suitable for ancient DNA they base the test on a SNP. The test confirms the osteological sex identification in all cases were DNA could be retrieved. This molecular method can also be used when no fragments suitable for osteological sex identification can be found or when the measurements are non-conclusive.
Author
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Author:
E M Svensson
Anders Götherström
Maria Vretemark
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2008
Locations
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Subjects / Periods:
Cattle Bones (Auto Detected Subject))
Bones (Auto Detected Subject))
Cattle (Auto Detected Subject))
Source
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Source:
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BIAB (The British & Irish Archaeological Bibliography (BIAB))
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URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03054403
Created Date
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Created Date:
23 Jul 2008