Judd, M. A. (2008). The parry problem. J Archaeol Sci 35 (6). Vol 35(6), pp. 1658-1666.

Title
Title
The title of the publication or report
Title:
The parry problem
Issue
Issue
The name of the volume or issue
Issue:
J Archaeol Sci 35 (6)
Series
Series
The series the publication or report is included in
Series:
Journal of Archaeological Science
Volume
Volume
Volume number and part
Volume:
35 (6)
Page Start/End
Page Start/End
The start and end page numbers.
Page Start/End:
1658 - 1666
Biblio Note
Biblio Note
This is a Bibliographic record only.
Biblio Note
The ADS have no files for download on this page but further information is available online, normally as an electronic version maintained by the Publisher, or held in a larger collection such as an ADS Archive. Please refer to the DOI or URI listed in the Relations section of this record to locate the information you require. In the case of non-ADS resources, please be aware that we cannot advise further on availability.
Publication Type
Publication Type
The type of publication - report, monograph, journal article or chapter from a book
Publication Type:
Journal
Abstract
Abstract
The abstract describing the content of the publication or report
Abstract:
Injuries classified as parry fractures, normally the result of a direct blow when the forearm is raised to shield the face, are significant in bioarchaeological interpretations because the parry fracture is perceived as an indicator of interpersonal (or extramural) violence.The author argues that it is therefore necessary that these injuries be correctly identified in order to properly interpret the trauma pattern and its social implications for abuse, gender and power relations among ancient people. Common acute forearm fractures are reviewed and quantitative guidelines that define the parry fracture configuration are presented. The parry criteria include: (1) an absence of radial involvement, (2) a transverse fracture line, (3) a location below the midshaft (<0.5 adjusted distance to the lesion's center), and (4) either minor unalignment (<10°) in any plane or horizontal apposition from the diaphysis (<50%). A sample of 278 adults from northern Sudan dated to the Nubian Bronze Age (ca. 2500--1500 BC) contained thirty-eight individuals with forearm fractures. Of these fractures, twenty-one out of the twenty-eight ulna injuries were identified as parry fractures using the parry criteria. Fewer females suffered from parry fractures than when ulna injuries were identified by location on the ulna alone. The use of the parry criteria may not always affect the results significantly, but here interpersonal violence directed against women and amongst ancient Nubians was found to be less prevalent than implied in earlier studies. The absence of perimortem parry fractures suggests that the Kermans interred within mass burials were not physically forced to their graves. Chronic ulna stress fractures associated with sports and habitual activities must also be considered as a differential diagnosis of this injury.
Author
Author
The authors of this publication or report
Author:
Margaret A Judd
Year of Publication
Year of Publication
The year the book, article or report was published
Year of Publication:
2008
Locations
Locations
Any locations covered by the publication or report. This is not the place the book or report was published.
Subjects / Periods:
Nubian Bronze Age Ca 25001500 Bc (Auto Detected Temporal)
Graves (Auto Detected Subject))
Burials (Auto Detected Subject))
Source
Source
Where the record has come from or which dataset it was orginally included in.
Source:
Source icon
BIAB (The British & Irish Archaeological Bibliography (BIAB))
Relations
Relations
Other resources which are relevant to this publication or report
Relations:
URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03054403
Created Date
Created Date
The date the record of the pubication was first entered
Created Date:
23 Jul 2008