Magilton, J. (2005). A Romano-Celtic temple and settlement at Grimstock Hill, Coleshill, Warwickshire. Birmingham Warwickshire Archaeol Soc Trans 110. Vol 110, pp. 1-231.

Title
Title
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Title:
A Romano-Celtic temple and settlement at Grimstock Hill, Coleshill, Warwickshire
Issue
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Issue:
Birmingham Warwickshire Archaeol Soc Trans 110
Series
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Series:
Birmingham & Warwickshire Archaeological Society Transactions
Volume
Volume
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Volume:
110
Page Start/End
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Page Start/End:
1 - 231
Biblio Note
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Biblio Note
Please note that this is a bibliographic record only, as originally entered into the BIAB database. The ADS have no files for download, and unfortunately cannot advise further on where to access hard copy or digital versions.
Publication Type
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Publication Type:
Journal
Abstract
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Abstract:
Report on the excavation in 1979--80, in advance of development, of a site at Grimstock Hill, north of Coleshill in Warwickshire. Excavation work was focused mainly on the area of the temple enclosure or temenos in the northwestern part of the site (Area A) although investigations to the south and southeast of this area identified a bath house and other features. The area known as Area A was initially the site of five round houses, two boundary ditches and a number of associated features. Artefacts of this period included hand-made pottery of Iron Age type, clay loomweights and querns, and some Romanised pottery and Roman tile. A smithing hearth had been constructed in the eastern boundary ditch, and a later feature was an L-shaped palisade slot. A cobbled surface over most of the southern part of Area A, possibly extending as far as the bath house in Area M, sealed all features confidently ascribed to this first period. The first, timber, Romano-Celtic temple, identified as such from its plan, lay at the northern end of the cobbles and may slightly pre-date their deposition. It is argued that there was almost certainly ritual activity on the site before this temple was erected. A stone cella roughly 8m square internally with a western apse replaced the timber temple, its walls enclosing the earlier cella and cutting through the earlier ambulatory postholes on the north and south sides. It was later modified by removing the apse and adding an ambulatory, to which were abutted two small annexes or antae flanking the eastern entrance. Nine metres east of the temple was a semicircular structure with an internal diameter of about 6m, and south of the temple was an almost square building about 6m wide internally. To the west, demarcating the edge of a pebble surface, was a shallow ditch following roughly the line of the earlier western ditch. The complex was enclosed by a stone wall, with an entrance in its east wall and buttresses at the northeast and southwest corners. These structures are thought to date from the later-second century to the early years of the fourth century. With the exception of the bath house, all features south of Area A appeared to belong to an agricultural/domestic phase which continued after the first- and early-second-century settlement site became a ritual focus. Many of the features were field ditches, some of them continuations of the western ditch in Area A. Others included a stone-lined well and buildings with stone foundations. Further evidence of smithing was found. Separately authored contributions include
Author
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Author:
John Magilton
Other Person/Org
Other Person/Org
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Other Person/Org:
Damaris D Dodds (Abstract author)
Year of Publication
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2005
Locations
Locations
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Subjects / Periods:
Boundary Ditches (Auto Detected Subject))
Cobbles (Auto Detected Subject))
Boundary Ditch (Auto Detected Subject))
Temple (Auto Detected Subject))
Hearth (Auto Detected Subject))
Round Houses (Auto Detected Subject))
Stone Wall (Auto Detected Subject))
Fourth Century (Auto Detected Temporal)
Ritual (Auto Detected Subject))
Palisade Slot (Auto Detected Subject))
Timber Romanoceltic Temple (Auto Detected Subject))
Querns (Auto Detected Subject))
Tile (Auto Detected Subject))
Iron Age (MIDAS)
Settlement (Auto Detected Subject))
Postholes (Auto Detected Subject))
Timber Temple (Auto Detected Subject))
Stone (Auto Detected Subject))
Ditch (Auto Detected Subject))
Pottery (Auto Detected Subject))
Latersecond Century (Auto Detected Temporal)
Field Ditches (Auto Detected Subject))
Roman (MIDAS)
Temple Enclosure (Auto Detected Subject))
Bath House (Auto Detected Subject))
Note
Note
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Note:
[OS SP 195 905]
Source
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Source:
Source icon
BIAB (The British & Irish Archaeological Bibliography (BIAB))
Created Date
Created Date
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Created Date:
11 Sep 2007