Abernethy, Duncan. 2008. Bruach An Druimein, Poltalloch, Argyll. In: Bruach An Druimein, Poltalloch, Argyll. 10.5284/1017938.

Title
Title
Article title
Title
Bruach An Druimein, Poltalloch, Argyll
Subtitle
Subtitle
Article subtitle
Subtitle
excavations directed by the late Eric Cregeen, 1960'“2
Issue
Issue
Article issue
Issue
Bruach An Druimein, Poltalloch, Argyll
Series
Series
Article series
Series
Scottish Archaeological Internet Reports
Volume
Volume
Issue volume and part
Volume
27
Downloads
Downloads
Article downloads
Downloads
sair27.pdf (7 MB) : Download
DOI
DOI
Article DOI
DOI
https://doi.org/10.5284/1017938
Publication Type
Publication Type
Article publication type
Publication Type
MonographChapter
Abstract
Abstract
Article abstract
Abstract
Rescue excavations in advance of gravel quarrying were carried out under the direction of the late Eric Cregeen from 1960 to 1962, at Bruach an Druimein, Poltalloch, Mid Argyll (NGR: NR 820 972). The site lies on one of the fluvio-glacial terraces which border the Kilmartin Glen, overlooking the lower ground, which has one of the densest concentrations of prehistoric funerary monuments in Britain. The excavations were carried out in difficult circumstances, with little good stratigraphy, and proved difficult to bring to publication. The present report is based on the substantial records created by Cregeen, including draft reports, and further working of the site archive by his sister, Sheila Cregeen.\r\n\r\nThe site had previously been identified as containing later prehistoric and Early Historic cist burials and a degraded bank. The main features of the excavated part of site were an enclosing ditch complex, and numerous post-holes and other occupation evidence within the ditch. Possible Neolithic/Bronze Age activity was indicated by lithic scatters and possible burnt mound material. Several Bronze Age cist-burials, also uncovered during the quarrying, have already been published. The main phase of occupation, as supported by a series of radiocarbon dates, lay in the later first millennium BC, the early Iron Age period. The post-holes were interpreted as belonging to at least two roundhouses, important as the first such structures identified in Atlantic Scotland, though common in eastern and southern Britain.\r\n\r\nEvidence of cereal production of hulled six-row barley was abundant, but few artefacts could be confidently assigned to this phase, which was aceramic. Rare evidence of prehistoric woodland management in the form of hazel coppicing was deduced from the charcoal samples. The initial construction and use of the ditch complex was dated to this period, though it could have been re-utilized in the succeeding periods. There was a further significant phase of occupation in the Early Historic period. No certain structures were excavated, but series of intermittent patches of walling, and considerable spreads of artefacts and non-ferrous metalworking debris, suggested the presence of a craft-working area.\r\n\r\nThe finds ranged in date from the seventh to 10th century AD, contemporary with the main period of occupation of the important royal site of Dunadd, situated 4km to the south-east. Two beads and other finds indicated close contact between the two sites, and a motif piece showing Norse-style ornament is important as there is otherwise little evidence of Norse influence in this area. The nature of the Early Historic settlement remains unclear, with some evidence of ecclesiastic activity in the form of long-cist graves, an ogham inscription, and a Kil- placename. Later medieval activity in the area is indicated by a spread of medieval pottery in the ploughsoil, unusually including evidence of material imported from lowland Scotland and possibly the Continent. Finally, a standing stone was erected in the 19th century. The site is important in giving a rare glimpse of settlement activity on the low-lying land of the region, rather than the hilltop settlements and funerary monuments which have dominated our view of the Kilmartin Glen until now.
Author
Author
Article author
Author
Duncan Abernethy
Year of Publication
Year of Publication
Year of publication
Year of Publication
2008
ISBN
ISBN
ISBN
ISBN
0 903903 96 7
Locations
Locations
Locations
Subjects / Periods
Subject - Auto Detected Hazel Coppicing
Subject - Auto Detected Graves
Subject - Auto Detected Charcoal
Subject - Auto Detected Stone
Temporal - Auto Detected 19th Century
Subject - Auto Detected Artefacts
Temporal - Auto Detected Later First Millennium Bc The Early Iron Age
Subject - Auto Detected Funerary
Subject - Auto Detected Ditch
Subject - Auto Detected Hulled Sixrow Barley
Subject - Auto Detected Cereal
Subject - Auto Detected Excavated
Subject - Auto Detected Gravel Quarrying
Subject - Auto Detected Metalworking
Temporal - Auto Detected Later Prehistoric
Temporal - Auto Detected Medieval
Temporal - Auto Detected Early Historic
Subject - Auto Detected Settlement
Subject - Auto Detected Lithic Scatters
Subject - Auto Detected Early Historic Cist Burials
Bronze Age
Prehistoric
Subject - Auto Detected Cistburials
Subject - Auto Detected Pottery
Temporal - Auto Detected 10th Century Ad
Subject - Auto Detected Burnt Mound
Subject - Auto Detected Beads
Subject - Auto Detected Radiocarbon Dates
Subject - Auto Detected Postholes
Figure/Plate/Table/Ref
Figure/Plate/Table/Ref
Figure/Plate/Table/Ref
Figure/Plate/Table/Ref
Figure:    Plate:    Table:    Ref:
Source
Source
Source
Source
DigitalBorn
Relations
Relations
Relations
Relations
Created Date
Created Date
Created Date
Created Date
01-05-2011