O'Connell, M. G. and Bird, J. (1994). The Roman temple at Wanborough, excavation 1986-1986. Surrey Archaeological Collections 82. Vol 82, pp. 1-168. https://doi.org/10.5284/1069196. Cite this via datacite

Title
Title
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Title:
The Roman temple at Wanborough, excavation 1986-1986
Issue
Issue
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Issue:
Surrey Archaeological Collections 82
Series
Series
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Series:
Surrey Archaeological Collections
Volume
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Volume:
82
Page Start/End
Page Start/End
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Page Start/End:
1 - 168
Downloads
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Downloads:
surreyac082_001-168_oconnell.pdf (76 MB) : Download
surreyac082_m001-m060_oconnell.pdf (7 MB) : Download
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ADS, CC-BY 4.0 or CC-BY 4.0 NC.
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ADS Terms of Use and Access
DOI
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DOI
https://doi.org/10.5284/1069196
Publication Type
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Publication Type:
Journal
Abstract
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Abstract:
A coin hoard was deposited at the site in the period following the Claudian conquest of southern Britain. The first conclusive evidence of the religious nature of the site was in the form of a dedicatory deposit preceding the construction of a Romano-Celtic type temple in stone after the middle of the second century. The temple, together with at least one ancillary building, probably continued in use into the second half of the fourth century when demolition took place. The report begins with a `Preface and acknowledgement' by D G Bird (6-8), followed by the introduction, which includes brief mention of the setting and geology, catalogue of contexts (microfiche 2-4), and `Evidence for the later history of the site' by Shirley Corke (10 & 12). There follow details of the excavations, including earliest use of the site and pre-temple activity. The construction of the temple and ancillary buildings, its demolition and robbing out and later use of the site are also detailed, as is damage due to later treasure hunting. The finds section begins with `The coins' by C Cheesman (31-92) which includes appendices on `Possible Wanborough coins in the National Museum of Wales' (90), `Later Roman coins from the Wanborough site' (90-1) and `Results of the spectrographic analysis of selected coins' (92). Details of the excavated coins by phase are to be found in the microfiche (33-41). `Other finds excluding pottery' by Joanna Bird (93-132) has details of the copper alloy chain link headresses, three with wheel terminals that may indicate the Celtic Jupiter, the sceptres, and other religious objects including miniature axe pendants which may have been amulets, and ritual shears in copper alloy. These religious finds constitute the largest group of such to be found, and there is some discussion as to their significance. Specialist examination of all `Objects of copper alloy' (98-125) provides analyses of the material in its various guises, including the religious assemblage just mentioned along with earlier prehistoric palstave, spearhead, and sword hilts. Copper alloy brooches, rings, and miscellaneous objects are also listed. There is a `Report on the XRF analysis of six artefacts from Wanborough, Surrey' by M R Cowell (microfiche 42), a pear-shaped lead object, and objects of iron -- mostly nails. Metalworking debris and glass follow, the latter including beads and a small vessel. Clay loomweights, worked flint, and the quernstones complete the section. `The Roman pottery' by Joanna Bird (133-59) includes `Potters' stamps on samian ware' by Brenda Dickinson (137-8), and a catalogue of the Roman pottery. `The building material' by Joanna Bird (159-61) includes tiles with animal prints, and this is followed by `The animal remains' by Pat Nicolaysen (161-4) including shells. Finally there is a discussion and conclusions along with an extensive bibliography.
Author
Author
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Author:
M G O'Connell
Joanna Bird
Other Person/Org
Other Person/Org
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Other Person/Org:
Isabel H Holroyd (Abstract author)
Year of Publication
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
1994
Locations
Locations
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Subjects / Periods:
Nails Metalworking Debris (Auto Detected Subject))
Temple (Auto Detected Subject))
Shells (Auto Detected Subject))
Samian Ware (Auto Detected Subject))
Earlier Prehistoric (Auto Detected Temporal)
Coins (Auto Detected Subject))
Pottery (Auto Detected Subject))
Copper Alloy (Auto Detected Subject))
Fourth Century (Auto Detected Temporal)
Beads (Auto Detected Subject))
Ritual Shears (Auto Detected Subject))
Later Roman (Auto Detected Temporal)
Tiles (Auto Detected Subject))
Sword Hilts Copper Alloy Brooches Rings (Auto Detected Subject))
Iron (Auto Detected Subject))
1614 (Auto Detected Temporal)
Wheel (Auto Detected Subject))
Roman (Auto Detected Temporal)
Glass (Auto Detected Subject))
Vessel (Auto Detected Subject))
Potters Stamps (Auto Detected Subject))
Coin Hoard (Auto Detected Subject))
Excavation (Auto Detected Subject))
Flint (Auto Detected Subject))
Artefacts (Auto Detected Subject))
Lead (Auto Detected Subject))
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ADS Archive (ADS Archive)
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Created Date
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Created Date:
20 Jan 2002