French, C. A I. (2004). Evaluation survey and excavation at Wnadlebury ringwork, Cambridgeshire, 1994-7. Proceedings of the Cambridge Antiquarian Society 93. Vol 93, pp. 15-66. https://doi.org/10.5284/1073319. Cite this via datacite

Title
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Title:
Evaluation survey and excavation at Wnadlebury ringwork, Cambridgeshire, 1994-7
Issue
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Issue:
Proceedings of the Cambridge Antiquarian Society 93
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Series:
Proceedings of the Cambridge Antiquarian Society
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Volume:
93
Page Start/End
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Page Start/End:
15 - 66
Downloads
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Downloads:
PCAS_XCIII_2004_015-066_French.pdf (7 MB) : Download
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ADS Terms of Use and Access
DOI
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DOI
https://doi.org/10.5284/1073319
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Journal
Abstract
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Abstract:
Evaluation investigations conducted in and around the Wandlebury ringwork in 1994--97 revealed an extensive area of later prehistoric and Romano-British settlement, both inside and outside the surviving earthworks. There is every likelihood that an earlier Iron Age settlement was located on the hill-top prior to the construction of the first rampart and ditch in the fifth century BC, and this appears to have been located outside and to the southeast of a preceding post-built wooden enclosure (undated but possibly Late Bronze Age/very Early Iron Age). Settlement activity predominated in the fifth and fourth centuries BC, but in the later Iron Age was greatly reduced. A second rampart and ditch were constructed on the inner side of the first rampart in the first century BC and lasted on a less extensive scale into the earlier Romano-British period (first--second centuries AD). Features excavated inside and outside the ring consisted principally of pits, but with an indication of structures which might be revealed by further excavation. The pits were primarily used for grain storage, but there was also evidence of `closure deposits' including articulated animals, a male human skeleton (buried face down with his hands possibly bound), small pots, and decorative spindle whorls and bone plaques. Evidence for repeated episodes of grain storage and handling was documented using detailed micro-stratigraphic and bioarchaeological analyses. Other environmental analyses suggest that the economy relied on sheep husbandry in an already open chalk downland landscape throughout the Iron Age and that cattle were predominant in the Roman period. Other recent investigations in the vicinity of Wandlebury suggest that this was just one substantial settlement in a highly developed and extensively occupied landscape in later prehistoric and Roman times. Includes specialist reports on
Author
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Author:
Charles A I French ORCID icon
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2004
Locations
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Subjects / Periods:
Pits (Auto Detected Subject))
Bone (Auto Detected Subject))
Human Skeleton (Auto Detected Subject))
Postbuilt Wooden Enclosure (Auto Detected Subject))
First Century Bc (Auto Detected Temporal)
Roman (MIDAS)
Fifth Century Bc (Auto Detected Temporal)
Wandlebury Ringwork (Auto Detected Subject))
Later Prehistoric (MIDAS)
Ditch (Auto Detected Subject))
Fourth Centuries Bc (Auto Detected Temporal)
Iron Age (MIDAS)
Decorative Spindle Whorls (Auto Detected Subject))
Sheep (Auto Detected Subject))
Earthworks (Auto Detected Subject))
Cattle (Auto Detected Subject))
Settlement (Auto Detected Subject))
Late Bronze Age (MIDAS)
Early Iron Age (MIDAS)
Note
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Note:
[OS TL 4940 5343]
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ADS Archive (ADS Archive)
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Created Date
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Created Date:
10 Jun 2005