Roberts, D., Valdez-Tullett, A., Marshall, P. D., Last J., Oswald, A., Barclay, A., Bishop, B., Dunbar, E., Forward, A., Law, M., Linford, N., Linford, P., López-Dóriga, I., Manning, A., Payne, A., Pelling, R., Powell, A. B., Reimer, P. J., Russell, M. J., Small, F., Soutar, S., Vallender, J., Winter, E. and Worley, F. (2018). Recent Investigations at Two Long Barrows and Reflections on their Context in the Stonehenge World Heritage Site and Environs. Internet Archaeology 47. Vol 47, https://doi.org/10.11141/ia.47.7.

Title
Title
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Title:
Recent Investigations at Two Long Barrows and Reflections on their Context in the Stonehenge World Heritage Site and Environs
Issue
Issue
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Issue:
Internet Archaeology 47
Series
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Series:
Internet Archaeology
Volume
Volume
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Volume:
47
Biblio Note
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Licence Type:
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 International License icon
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
International License
Publication Type
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Publication Type:
Journal
Abstract
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Abstract:
Recent geophysical surveys and excavations at Druid's Lodge Estate, in fields west of the Diamond Wood in the Stonehenge World Heritage Site (SWHS), have confirmed the existence of the Winterbourne Stoke 71 long barrow and discovered a new long barrow (Winterbourne Stoke 86) a short distance to the south. Survey and excavation show internal features at both barrows and, alongside aerial photography, suggest that both monuments were destroyed during later prehistory. These barrows are part of a cluster around the head of the Wilsford dry valley. We review long barrows in the SWHS and environs to contextualise these discoveries, demonstrating a diversity of internal features, barrow sizes and morphologies. Chronological modelling is used to place the SWHS barrows in their inter-regional timescape and to understand the timings of the first appearance of monument types of the 4th millennium cal BC. Local topography appears to be the key factor in determining the alignment of long barrows, but the eastern ends of barrows appear to be significant. Long barrows are also considered in relation to causewayed enclosures, and movement around the landscape. Long barrows are an important structuring monument in the later Neolithic and Bronze Age landscape, but their importance is mediated by their location relative to Stonehenge, and access to the monument from the south. There is a clear pattern of differential preservation of long barrows away from the vicinity of Stonehenge. Further field research is necessary to achieve a better understanding of long barrows in the SWHS, and it is hoped that this article stimulates interest in these highly significant monuments. This article also provides an interactive map of the SWHS, linking to simplified plans of long barrows in the study area, additional information and references for further reading for each barrow. Appendices are provided containing specialist methodologies and/or data from the geophysical surveys and the Historic England excavation, and primary excavation data from the Historic England excavation is downloadable via the Archaeology Data Service (Historic England 2018).
Author
Author
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Author:
David Roberts
Andy Valdez-Tullett ORCID icon
Peter D Marshall
Last J
Alastair Oswald ORCID icon
Alistair Barclay
B Bishop
E Dunbar
Alice Forward ORCID icon
Matthew Law ORCID icon
N Linford
P Linford
I López-Dóriga
Andrew Manning
A Payne
Ruth Pelling
A B Powell
Paula J Reimer
Michael J Russell ORCID icon
F Small
Sharon Soutar
Jo Vallender
E Winter
Fay Worley
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2018
Locations
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Locations:
Place: Avebury
District: Wiltshire
Country: England
Locations
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Subjects / Periods:
LATE NEOLITHIC (ENG)
BRONZE AGE (ENG)
Geophysical Survey (Event)
Excavation (Event)
Long Barrow (Monument Type England)
Causewayed Enclosure (Monument Type England)
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ADS Library (ADS Library)
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Relations:
DOI: https://doi.org/10.11141/ia.47.7
Created Date
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Created Date:
01 Apr 2019