Gaffney, V. L., Baldwin, E. E., Bates, M. R., Bates, R., Gaffney, C. F., Hamilton, D., Kinnaird, T., Neubauer, W., Yorston, R., Allaby, R. G., Chapman, H. H P., Garwood, P., Löcker, K. K., Hinterleitner, A., Sparrow, T. T., Trinks, I., Wallner, M. and Leivers, M. (2020). A Massive, Late Neolithic Pit Structure associated with Durrington Walls Henge. Internet Archaeology 55. Vol 55, https://doi.org/10.11141/ia.55.4.

Title
Title
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Title:
A Massive, Late Neolithic Pit Structure associated with Durrington Walls Henge
Issue
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Issue:
Internet Archaeology 55
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Series:
Internet Archaeology
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Volume:
55
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Licence Type:
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 International License icon
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
International License
Publication Type
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Journal
Abstract
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Abstract:
A series of massive geophysical anomalies, located south of the Durrington Walls henge monument, were identified during fluxgate gradiometer survey undertaken by the Stonehenge Hidden Landscapes Project (SHLP). Initially interpreted as dewponds, these data have been re-evaluated, along with information on similar features revealed by archaeological contractors undertaking survey and excavation to the north of the Durrington Walls henge. Analysis of the available data identified a total of 20 comparable features, which align within a series of arcs adjacent to Durrington Walls. Further geophysical survey, supported by mechanical coring, was undertaken on several geophysical anomalies to assess their nature, and to provide dating and environmental evidence. The results of fieldwork demonstrate that some of these features, at least, were massive, circular pits with a surface diameter of 20m or more and a depth of at least 5m. Struck flint and bone were recovered from primary silts and radiocarbon dating indicates a Late Neolithic date for the lower silts of one pit. The degree of similarity across the 20 features identified suggests that they could have formed part of a circuit of large pits around Durrington Walls, and this may also have incorporated the recently discovered Larkhill causewayed enclosure. The diameter of the circuit of pits exceeds 2km and there is some evidence that an intermittent, inner post alignment may have existed within the circuit of pits. One pit may provide evidence for a recut; suggesting that some of these features could have been maintained through to the Middle Bronze Age. Together, these features represent a unique group of features related to the henge at Durrington Walls, executed at a scale not previously recorded.
Author
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Author:
Eamonn E Baldwin
Martin R Bates ORCID icon
R Bates
Christopher F Gaffney
Derek Hamilton
Vincent L Gaffney
Tim Kinnaird
Wolfgang Neubauer
Ron Yorston
Robin G Allaby
Henry H P Chapman ORCID icon
Paul Garwood
Klaus K Löcker
Alois Hinterleitner
Tom T Sparrow
Immo Trinks
Mario Wallner
Matt Leivers
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2020
Locations
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Subjects / Periods:
pits (Auto Detected Subject))
radiocarbon dating (Auto Detected Subject))
Larkhill causewayed enclosure (Auto Detected Subject))
Durrington Walls (Auto Detected Subject))
geophysical anomalies (Auto Detected Subject))
flint (Auto Detected Subject))
pit (Auto Detected Subject))
bone (Auto Detected Subject))
Durrington Walls henge monument (Auto Detected Subject))
geophysical survey (Auto Detected Subject))
Pit Structure (Auto Detected Subject))
fieldwork (Auto Detected Subject))
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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11141/ia.55.4
Created Date
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Created Date:
22 Jun 2020