Haslam, A. and Haslam, R. (2021). Quarrying, Structured Deposition and Landscape Appropriation in Ewell. Surrey Archaeological Collections 103. Vol 103, pp. 91-172.

Title
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Title:
Quarrying, Structured Deposition and Landscape Appropriation in Ewell
Issue
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Surrey Archaeological Collections 103
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Surrey Archaeological Collections
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103
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Page Start/End:
91 - 172
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Journal
Abstract
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Recent excavations in Ewell revealed a palimpsest of archaeological remains that date from the Mesolithic to the Middle Saxon period. The first archaeologically identifiable evidence of activity within the confines of the site consists of scattered struck flint of Mesolithic and Neolithic date with more substantial activity occurring in the Late Bronze Age to Early Iron Age as evidenced by settlement activities associated with a well-organised field system. During the early Roman period, Ewell became the site of a large quarrying industry. That activity, and the landscape in which it took place, were of undoubted significance to the ancient inhabitants of the area, as demonstrated by the presence of a wealth of structured deposits in quarries and ditches that included a large quantity of human remains. The Romano-British people that were responsible for these depositions may have viewed the exercise as a practical undertaking integral to the quarrying process. Knowledge of the importance of this landscape and the earlier features within it appears to have survived into the post-Roman period when the top of one of the quarries was apparently used as a receptacle for a ‘deviant’ burial of Middle Saxon date. The results of this excavation therefore add to current understanding of the development of Ewell and its environs from the Late Bronze Age onwards and contribute to bodies of knowledge on several wider topics, including the nature of Late Bronze Age to Early Iron Age pastoralism and settlement on the North Downs, late prehistoric flint tool production, Roman quarrying in south-east Britain, mortuary rites in this region during the Late Iron Age and Roman periods, the potential importance of landscape context and the concept of liminality within prehistoric and Romano-British cosmologies and the appropriation of the landscape by a new culture during the Anglo-Saxon period.
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Alexis Haslam
Rebecca Haslam
Other Person/Org
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Other Person/Org:
Murray Andrews (Author contributing)
Barry John Bishop (Author contributing)
Karen Deighton (Author contributing)
Märit Gaimster (Author contributing)
Eniko Hudak (Author contributing)
J Y Langthorne (Author contributing)
John Shepherd (Author contributing)
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2021
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URI: http://www.surreyarchaeology.org.uk/content/publications
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10 Jun 2021