Jones, M. J. and Jones, M. J., eds. (1999). The defences of the lower city:. York: Council for British Archaeology. https://doi.org/10.5284/1081768. Cite this using datacite

Title
Title
The title of the publication or report
Title:
The defences of the lower city:
Subtitle
Subtitle
The sub title of the publication or report
Subtitle:
excavations at The Park and West Parade 1970--2 and a discussion of other sites excavated up to 1994
Series
Series
The series the publication or report is included in
Series:
Council for British Archaeology Research Reports
Volume
Volume
Volume number and part
Volume:
114
Number of Pages
Number of Pages
The number of pages in the publication or report
Number of Pages:
304
Downloads
Downloads
Any files associated with the publication or report that can be downloaded from the ADS
Downloads:
RR114.pdf (12 MB) : Download
Licence Type
Licence Type
ADS, CC-BY 4.0 or CC-BY 4.0 NC.
Licence Type:
ADS Terms of Use and Access icon
ADS Terms of Use and Access
DOI
DOI
The DOI (digital object identifier) for the publication or report.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.5284/1081768
Publication Type
Publication Type
The type of publication - report, monograph, journal article or chapter from a book
Publication Type:
Monograph (in Series)
Abstract
Abstract
The abstract describing the content of the publication or report
Abstract:
Volume concerned principally with two large scale excavations which took place on the line of the western defences of the lower walled Roman city. The discoveries are set into the context of other evidence that has emerged for the lower circuit. Timber structures from the early second century predated the construction of the defences. The earliest fortifications, consisting of a wall, sand and clay rampart and contemporary ditch, were being built towards the end of the second century and the rampart was subsequently extended and interval towers added. Major refurbishment took place during the fourth century. Reoccupation of an urban nature did not occur in this area before the eleventh century, with the remains of yards to the rear of properties further east being found. Finds include an important assemblage of Roman pottery, plus medieval pottery groups, animal bones and other medieval material. A critical study is included of both earlier and more recent discoveries of remains of the lower defences, while the sequence and its significance are discussed in detail. A synthesis of the evidence for the Roman defensive system is put forward, to compare with both the upper circuit and with other sites. The medieval evidence is set against documentary sources. Includes French and German summaries; contributions include
Author
Author
The authors of this publication or report
Author:
Christina Colyer
Brian J J Gilmour
Michael J Jones
Editor
Editor
The editor of the publication or report
Editor:
Michael J Jones
Michael J Jones
Publisher
Publisher
The publisher of the publication or report
Publisher:
Council for British Archaeology
Year of Publication
Year of Publication
The year the book, article or report was published
Year of Publication:
1999
ISBN
ISBN
International Standard Book Number
ISBN:
1 872414 88 5
Note
Note
Extra information on the publication or report.
Note:
Is Portmanteau: 1 Editorial Expansion: Archaeology of Lincoln Vol VII--2
Source
Source
Where the record has come from or which dataset it was orginally included in.
Source:
Source icon
BIAB (The British & Irish Archaeological Bibliography (BIAB))
Relations
Relations
Other resources which are relevant to this publication or report
Relations:
URI: http://new.archaeologyuk.org/full-list-of-publications
Created Date
Created Date
The date the record of the pubication was first entered
Created Date:
28 Apr 2005

Please click on a Article link to go to the Article Details.
Sort Order no arrows Access Type Author / Editor Page
Start/End Sort Order up arrow
Abstract
Download available from the ADS icon Michael J Jones
2 - 5
Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Michael J Jones
Christina Colyer
6 - 43
Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Michael J Jones
44 - 178
Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Thomas F C Blagg
44 - 50
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Graham C Morgan
Michael J Jones
50 - 51
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Jennifer E Mann
51 - 52
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Marion M Archibald
52
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Margaret J Darling
52 - 70
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Joanna Bird
70 - 72
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Margaret J Darling
72 - 75
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Brenda Dickinson
75 - 78
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Joanna Bird
79 - 84
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Margaret J Darling
84 - 108
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Margaret J Darling
108 - 114
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Katherine F Hartley
111 - 112
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Margaret J Darling
D F Williams
114 - 121
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Margaret J Darling
Valery Rigby
121 - 123
Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Valery Rigby
121
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Margaret J Darling
123 - 135
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Sarah Jennings
Christine Jones
135 - 138
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Hilary E M Cool
Jennifer Price
138 - 145
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Julian Henderson
145 - 146
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Jennifer E Mann
146 - 169
Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Sally Scott
169 - 178
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Michael J Jones
179 - 181
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Brian J J Gilmour
184 - 204
Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Michael J Jones
205 - 246
Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Graham C Morgan
Michael J Jones
205 - 206
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Jennifer E Mann
206
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Marion M Archibald
206 - 207
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Margaret J Darling
207 - 210
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Joanna Bird
209
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Brenda Dickinson
210
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Jane Young
210 - 222
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Hilary E M Cool
Jennifer Price
222 - 223
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Julian Henderson
223 - 224
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Jennifer E Mann
224 - 236
Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Brian J J Gilmour
236
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Sally Scott
236 - 246
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Brian J J Gilmour
Michael J Jones
247 - 249
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Michael J Jones
251 - 256
Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Michael J Jones
257 - 267
Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Michael J Jones
259 - 262
No Abstract icon
Download available from the ADS icon Brian J J Gilmour
David Roffe
262 - 267
No Abstract icon