Crone, A. and Toolis, R., eds. (2003). Bronze Age farms and Iron Age farm mounds of the Outer Hebrides. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. https://doi.org/10.5284/1017938.

Title
Title
The title of the publication or report
Title:
Bronze Age farms and Iron Age farm mounds of the Outer Hebrides
Series
Series
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Series:
Scottish Archaeological Internet Reports
Volume
Volume
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Volume:
3
Number of Pages
Number of Pages
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Number of Pages:
343
Downloads
Downloads
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Downloads:
sair3.pdf (6 MB) : Download
Licence Type
Licence Type
ADS, CC-BY 4.0 or CC-BY 4.0 NC.
Licence Type:
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ADS Terms of Use and Access
Publication Type
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Publication Type:
Monograph Chapter (in Series)
Abstract
Abstract
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Abstract:
Hebridean sites of the coastal sand cliffs and associated machair, or sandy plain have been known for many years. Artefacts and ecofacts of various types have long been collected from archaeological sites in the eroding sand-cliffs of the machairs of the Outer Hebrides. Early in 1983, personnel of the then Central Excavation Unit of Historic Scotland's predecessor revisited very nearly all of the coastal archaeological sites then known in the Long Isle, with the specific task of identifying those at immediate threat from coastal erosion and of assessing the feasibility of their excavation or preservation. Some 32 sites were seen to be undergoing active erosion; at nine of them preservation was not being pursued and excavation was feasible. These sites were of two morphotypes: sites exposed in roughly vertical sand-cliffs and sites exposed over relatively large horzontal areas of sand deflation. It was decided to examine one sand-cliff site along its exposed face. The site selected was Balelone in North Uist, its excavation designed to explore both the problems associated with the excavation of deep midden sites with complex stratigraphy and the not-inconsiderable problems of excavation in sand. In the light of the Balelone trial excavation, a new approach was called for. A structured approach aimed firstly at establishing the three-dimensional extent of the sites to be examined. Four sites were then sampled (the sand-cliff sites of Baleshare, on the island of the same name off the west coast of North Uist and Hornish Point, South Uist and the deflation sites of South Glendale, South Uist and Newtonferry, North Uist) within a rigorously-defined research framework.<br /><br />The machair sites were formed by sand accretion, facilitated by human activities ranging from construction to refuse disposal and cultivation. Their formation was intermittent and they underwent episodes of major erosion, isolating the sites from the landscape mass of the machair sands. Despite their apparent wealth of suitable material, the dating of Hebridean coastal sites presents special problems. The strategy here was to provide a dating framework for the sequences on each site, from which the dates of archaeological significant structures and events could then be arrived at by extrapolation. Preliminary dates from the earliest and latest strata at Balelone spanned such a small period that a First Millennium BC date-range could be assigned. At Baleshare, the deposits investigated were chiefly later Bronze Age; following abandonment (roughly 200 radiocarbon years) of the Period I cultivated soil Period II represented extensive, manured, cultivated fields in the vicinity of a settlement now lost to the sea. As Period II went on. the settlement seems to have moved closer to the excavated area. After another hiatus of a minimum of 350 radiocarbon years, there were further cultivated plots and associated settlement of Iron Age date (Period III). By contrast, the site at Hornish Point (including successive wheelhouses and associated cultivation areas) is considered to be all of one - dynamic, Iron Age - period, lasting some 300 radiocarbon years (with potentially earlier structures unexcavated). A post-medieval blackhouse of characteristic Lewisian form had been cut into the settlement mound. The three dates from Newtonferry suggest that some Early Medieval activity took place at the site, while the bulk of the deposits date from the thirteenth-fourteenth centuries AD. At South Glendale, the radiocarbon dates indicate occupation sometime between the thirteenth and fifteenth centuries AD; stratigraphically lower, fragmented and truncated remains were prehistoric, probably early Bronze Age.
Author
Author
The authors of this publication or report
Author:
John W Barber
Editor
Editor
The editor of the publication or report
Editor:
Anne Crone
Ronan Toolis
Publisher
Publisher
The publisher of the publication or report
Publisher:
Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
Other Person/Org
Other Person/Org
Other people or organisations for this publication or report
Other Person/Org:
Geoffrey Collins (Author contributing)
Lisbeth Crone (Author contributing)
Alan Duffy (Author contributing)
Andrew J Dugmore (Author contributing)
Nyree Finlay (Author contributing)
Will Forbes (Author contributing)
Annemarie Gibson (Author contributing)
Paul Halstead (Author contributing) ORCID icon
Kenneth R Hirons (Author contributing)
Heather F James (Author contributing)
Andrew Jones (Author contributing)
Glynis Jones (Author contributing)
Frances Lee (Author contributing)
D Lehane (Author contributing)
Ann MacSween (Author contributing)
Antoinette M Mannion (Author contributing)
Ian D Mate (Author contributing)
Roderick P J McCullagh (Author contributing)
S P Moseley (Author contributing)
Anthony Newton (Author contributing)
Chris Pain (Author contributing)
Chris Pain (Author contributing)
Alix H Powers (Author contributing)
James S Rideout (Author contributing)
William Ritchie (Author contributing)
E Marian Scott (Author contributing)
Dale Serjeantson (Author contributing)
Andrea N Smith (Author contributing)
N Thew (Author contributing)
Year of Publication
Year of Publication
The year the book, article or report was published
Year of Publication:
2003
ISBN
ISBN
International Standard Book Number
ISBN:
0-903903-72-5
Subjects / Periods
Subjects / Periods
Subjects / Periods associated with this record.
Subjects / Periods:
Bronze Age (BIAB)
Note
Note
Extra information on the publication or report.
Note:
Is Portmanteau: 1
Source
Source
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Source:
Source icon
BIAB (DigitalBorn)
Relations
Relations
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Relations:
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5284/1017938
Created Date
Created Date
The date the record of the pubication was first entered
Created Date:
09 Oct 2003

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Ian D Mate
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Peter Strong
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Alan Duffy
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Download available from the ADS icon Heather F James
Roderick P J McCullagh
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Download available from the ADS icon Heather F James
Will Forbes
104 - 108
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Download available from the ADS icon Heather F James
James S Rideout
109 - 113
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Download available from the ADS icon Frances Lee
Andrew K G Jones
Paul Halstead
Dale Serjeantson
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153 - 158
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Chris Pain
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S P Moseley
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