n.a., (1991). Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 121. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.

The title of the publication or report
Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 121
The series the publication or report is included in
Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
Volume number and part
Any files associated with the publication or report that can be downloaded from the ADS
The DOI (digital object identifier) for the publication or report.
Publication Type
Publication Type
The type of publication - report, monograph, journal article or chapter from a book
Publication Type:
The publisher of the publication or report
Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
Year of Publication
Year of Publication
The year the book, article or report was published
Year of Publication:
Extra information on the publication or report.
Date Of Issue From: 1991
Where the record has come from or which dataset it was orginally included in.
ADS Archive
Created Date
Created Date
The date the record of the pubication was first entered
Created Date:
20 Jan 2002
Article Title Sort Order Both Arrows Access Type Author / Editor Page
Start/End Sort Order Up Arrow
Lesley Macinnes
1 - 3
John Burnett
5 - 16
Presents some history of collecting and classification of information in the National Museums of Scotland and suggests likely developments made possible by recent computerised listing of the collections.
A M Myers
Robert B Gourlay
17 - 25
Discovery, excavation and analysis of a shell midden, which provides evidence for exploitation of the sheltered coastal environment in the Inverness area during the mid fourth millennium bc. Similarities with later Mesolithic and Neolithic shell middens elsewhere in Scotland are discussed.
Gordon J Barclay
Gordon S Maxwell
27 - 44
The eastern half of a rectilinear ditched enclosure was excavated to provide information on its date, structure and function. Two fence-like structures had been erected consecutively along the line of the enclosing ditch; the second fence had been burned in situ. Elements of this fence were dated to the late fourth/early third millennium bc. The eastern end of the enclosure may have been elaborated. No associated artefacts were found. Portions of two Roman barrack blocks were revealed and a legionary axe was recovered from a disturbed pit cut through the eastern end of the prehistoric enclosure.
Jamie E Hamilton
45 - 49
Describes the excavation of a ruinous cairn, possibly heel-shaped.
Alison M Haggarty
51 - 94
Excavations at stone circles 1 and 11 on Machrie Moor revealed previous use of the land on which they were situated, with features dating back to the earlier Neolithic. The exact positions occupied by both circles were found to have been preceded by timber monuments, comprising several elements in the case of circle 1. Evidence for fenced land divisions and ard ploughing between the timber and stone phases was also recovered. Both stone circles contained a single inserted cremation deposit. Stone circle 1 had been dug into in 1861 by James Bryce but circle 11 was previously untouched, having been buried in peat. The ceramic assemblage, though not extensive, produced examples of pottery traditions spanning over a millennium. A catalogue of Neolithic pottery by Audrey Henshall is on microfiche.
Alison M Haggarty
Trevor G Cowie
Graham Ritchie
95 - 109
Rescue excavation in 1970 recorded three cist burials, one associated with a bowl and a flat riveted knife-dagger and another with an accompanying Food Vessel. Two other finds, a Beaker and a Food Vessel, have been rescued from the same area and clearly represent further burial deposits in a small cemetery of early second millennium bc date.A list of radiocarbon dates associated with Food Vessel burials from east-central Scotland by Alison Sheridan & Trevor Cowie is in an appendix (107--8). The skeletal remains are described by D A Lunt & A Young on microfiche (1:B1--B8).
Rosemary Cowie
Magnar Dalland
111 - 115
Describes the excavation of a Bronze Age cist containing two inhumations and a deposit of pig bones.
Magnar Dalland
Ewan Campbell
117 - 173
Rescue excavations at Sollas investigated a well-preserved Iron Age wheelhouse and a more ruinous circular building. Much decorated pottery was recovered from stratified contexts, enabling a sequence of forms and decorative motifs to be proposed. The construction of the wheelhouse can be shown from a series of radiocarbon measurements and artefacts to date to the first or second century AD, providing a fixed point in the much debated Hebridean pottery sequence and in the development of Hebridean round-houses. Beneath the wheelhouse floors were a large number of pits, many containing articulated, dismembered or cremated animal burials, attesting to ritual practices. The site, which is the first wheelhouse excavation to be published for twenty years, has important implications for the structure, chronology and function of wheelhouses in the Hebridean Iron Age. There is a report on the `Animal bone' by Judith Finlay (147--8 & microfiche 3:D9--F10) and an `Analysis of glass and pigment' by Julian Henderson (microfiche 3:D7--D8).
Ewan Campbell
Ewan Campbell
Ewan Campbell
Magnar Dalland
175 - 180
Describes an Iron Age cemetery containing burials of different types. Daphne Home Lorimer describes the human bones in Appendix 1 (179--80 & microfiche 4:A4--B8).
Magnar Dalland
Ian Armit
181 - 214
Five forms of evidence are currently relevant to the archaeology of the Atlantic Scottish Iron Age. These are defined and evaluated to construct a sequence of structural and artefactual development. It is argued that a lack of clarity on the evaluation of dating methods is responsible for much of the confusion in the literature. Alternative chronologies to that constructed here are valid, but must be explicit on their evaluation of the dating evidence and on the weighting and primacy of dating levels. The terminology of the `Atlantic roundhouse' is introduced as a framework which enables conventional structural typologies to be more effectively analysed. Within the extended chronology and using the new terminology as a descriptive device, developments can be traced which offer new perspectives on the settlement sequence and undermine the unilinear models of the Atlantic Scottish Iron Age. Differences in development between the Northern and Western Isles are already becoming apparent. 14C dates for the Atlantic Scottish Iron Age are listed and critically discussed in an appendix.
Ernest W Black
215 - 222
The two main buildings in the western annexe of the fort at Newstead, Roxburghshire, are interpreted as a mansio and a bath-house. A sequence of development is proposed for them and a tentative suggestion is made that a numerus may have been garrisoned with a milliary auxiliary regiment in the second Antonine period.
Walter Elliot
223 - 226
David J Breeze
227 - 230
The appointment of A Claudius Charax of Pergamum to command Legion II Augusta during the Antonine advance into north Britain may have resulted from earlier contact with the Emperor Antoninus Pius when the latter was Proconsul of Asia.
Caroline Earwood
231 - 240
The first radiocarbon dates for bog butter were recently obtained from the contents of two wooden kegs found at Morven, Argyllshire, and Kyleakin, Skye. The dates cover the mid second to mid fourth centuries AD confirming suggestions that burial of bog butter was not exclusively a late medieval practice. The woodworking techniques used in making bog butter kegs from Scotland are varied and include methods used before the introduction of cooperage. Evidence of the physical nature of bog butter and reasons for its burial are reviewed.
James A Graham-Campbell
241 - 260
Conflicting opinions concerning the deposition date of the silver treasure from Norrie's Law, Lower Largo, Fife, are reviewed in the light of the nineteenth century records of its discovery and contents, most of which were melted down when it was found in (or about) 1819. It is concluded that the hoard comprised predominantly Pictish silver, with some Late Roman elements, and was deposited most probably during the second half of the seventh century. A hitherto unrecognised fragment of Hiberno-Viking silver arm-ring is presumed to represent an otherwise unknown find from the Largo estate.
Ian M Smith
261 - 294
Evidence for English settlement in the Tweed Basin from the seventh to ninth centuries is mainly circumstantial, but on the south side of the Tweed, near Sprouston, aerial photography since 1970 has shown a township which can be positively identified as Anglian. The cropmark evidence is transcribed and tentatively subdivided into three broad periods (prehistoric, Romano-British/early historic, Anglian). Each is appraised and the elements identified are qualified by reference to parallels drawn from a limited radius in North Britain. The likely origins and status of the township are discussed; it may have functioned as an urbs regis or royal centre, one of the first to have been founded in the Tweed Basin during the westward English expansion in the late-sixth or early-seventh century.
Daphne Brooke
295 - 327
The Anglian settlements dating from the Northumbrian supremacy in Galloway and Carrick are traced from place-names, church dedications, and supporting historical, topographical and archaeological material. Their grouping reveals three `shires' with some identified boundaries. These territories appear to have co-existed with British occupied areas, presumably under tribute. Medieval place-name forms are listed in an appendix, and appendices also give the corresponding forms of British, Scandinavian and selected Gaelic place-names.
David H Caldwell
329 - 330
Describes a silver pendant cross, dating to the late thirteenth or fourteenth century, found at Dumbarton Castle.
D M Smith
331 - 333
Description of bronze seal matrix, of the Dominican Friary at Edinburgh, found near Thirsk, Yorkshire.
David H Caldwell
335 - 357
Catalogue of medieval and later finds from several excavations at Tantallon Castle. Most could be dated to the years before 1699 and many are of a military nature.
Stuart Harris
359 - 368
Reviews current understanding of the siege and fortifications of Leith in the light of study of the 1560 map of the siege in the archives of Petworth House, Sussex.
Charles McKean
369 - 390
Outlines the background to the commissioning of a model of the `castle' or House of Pitsligo, Buchan, as it was in the mid seventeenth century the assumptions made in the reconstruction of the dilapidated ruin, and how those assumptions were tested. The investigation revealed the need to re-evaluate the architecture of the period, whose quality has been underestimated.
Iain Gordon Brown
391 - 422
Designs for the mausoleum are examined in the context of the social and cultural history of Enlightenment Edinburgh. Sources for the various designs of 1777 are suggested and the Roman inspiration for the one selected is discussed.
John R Hume
423 - 425
Describes a firing quill and detonating hammer of mid-nineteenth century date.
Elizabeth Wright
427 - 435
Nick Tavener
437 - 442
Discusses the problems of distinguishing between bomb crater sites and archaeological sites on aerial photographs.
Alison Shephard Bailey
443 - 444
Ian Armit
444 - 445
Summary of lecture.
Juliet Cross
446 - 447
W F H Nicolaisen
447 - 448
Carola Hicks
Summary of lecture.
Christopher D Morris
449 - 450
Summary of lecture.
Euan W MacKie
450 - 451
Colin Richards
452 - 454
489 - 498