G. J Barclay, ed., (2003). Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 133. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.

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Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 133
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Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
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Gordon J Barclay
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Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
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01 Oct 2004
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0 - 1
Andrew J Dunwell
Ian Armit
Melanie Johnson
1 - 33
Report describing the results of excavations undertaken within the burial chamber and entrance area of the chambered cairn. The chamber had been investigated in the early years of the twentieth century, and the work described here was conducted because of the threat of tidal scouring of any remains which had survived previous attention. The excavation revealed evidence of disturbed Neolithic and Beaker funerary deposits within the two compartments of the chamber. The burial chamber appears to have been used over the same time period both by humans as a burial place and by otters as a holt. the application of palaeoenvironmental studies has allowed the formation processes of the deposits and artefacts in the chamber to be understood, permitting the character of the burial rites to be better appreciated. The past and present landscape setting of the chambered cairn is considered briefly. Includes sections on: Lithic material, The human remains, Animal bone, Fish remains, Carbonized plant macrofossils.
Ann MacSween
Richard Conolly
35 - 45
Excavations identified a cluster of small pits and post-holes. Neolithic Grooved Ware, including one vessel in the Durrington Walls sub-style, was recovered from several of the features, which appear to be domestic in function. The Durrington Walls vessel is at present the most northerly example of this sub-style, and radiocarbon dating has determined that it dates to the second half of the fourth millennium BC, one of the earliest dates anywhere in Britain for this style. Milton of Leys is the latest of a number of small Neolithic settlement sites to have been discovered in the Inverness area, where none was previously known. Includes sections on: The pottery; The flaked stone; Discussion: Grooved Ware; Discussion: function and form of settlement.
Alison Sheridan
Michael Cressey
47 - 84
Excavations in 1996 revealed a Bronze Age cemetery; inside a ring-ditch were two adjacent graves with wooden coffins, one a boat-shaped hollowed tree-trunk, the other plank-built. Both had probably contained crouched inhumation burials. Grave goods in the former included a bronze dagger of `Butterwick' type whose scabbard of wood and cattle hide produced a date of c. 3385 BP; those in the latter included an `Irish Bowl' Food Vessel, believed to date to c. 2000 BC. Both items indicate links with Ireland. Also inside the ring-ditch were: a short stone cist; a pit containing cremated human remains accompanied by three burnt barbed-and-tanged arrowheads and a mandible fragment, probably of a dog or fox; and three pits, at least one of which might have been an inhumation grave. Outside, and to the east, was a second short stone cist with a Beaker; to the west, a cluster of truncated pit graves containing cremated human bone and pyre debris, and in one case the remains of an urn and accessory vessel. One of these pit graves, dated to c. 3360 BP, contained the remains of an adult with cut marks on the skull. The cemetery is around 700m from, and on the same gravel ridge as, the multi-phase site at Stoneyfield, Raigmore, whose later phases featured a cist cemetery and a pit with a Cordoned Urn cremation burial. Some residual lithic evidence for Mesolithic activity in the area was also recovered. Includes sections on: Introduction; The bronze dagger from the log-coffin: introduction; The bronze dagger from the log-coffin: the metal of the dagger; The bronze dagger from the log-coffin: the scabbard; Pottery; The chipped stone; The cremated human bone; Charcoal identification; Plant remains from the cremation-related deposits; Pollen analyses; The radiocarbon dates; Discussion and conclusions.
Alison Sheridan
Louise Baker
Trevor G Cowie
85 - 123
In February 2000, ploughing disturbed the capstone of a cist, located on the side of a prominent knowe at Rameldry Farm. Excavation revealed a short cist which contained the crouched inhumation of a man aged forty to fifty, who had suffered from arthritis, some tooth loss and possibly Paget's Disease. He had been buried wearing a garment adorned with six V-perforated buttons. five of these are of Whitby jet (including one with unique decoration including inlaid tin); the sixth is of the mineral lizardite, and has an enigmatic coating, possibly a glaze. Behind his shoulder was a dagger, of `Milston type (East Kennet variant)'; it had had a fancy horn hilt and a scabbard lined with animal skin. The scabbard yielded two AMS radiocarbon dates, with a mean value of 2280--1970 cal BC at 2-sigma range. Includes sections on: Introduction; The human bone; The V-perforated buttons; The dagger: introduction and description; The dagger: metallurgical analysis; Discussion and conclusions (including a contribution on links with central Europe).
Louise Baker
125 - 136
Rescue excavation of human remains was carried out at Evergreen, Longniddry, prompted by a chance discovery by workmen. Three crouched inhumations were found, one of which was in a cist. The disturbed and disarticulated remains of two further individuals were also identified. The burials were associated with a concentration of stones and pebbles which may have been the remains of a cairn. Radiocarbon dating yielded dates of 1690 to 1310 cal BC at 2-sigma range. Other burials identified during previous excavations indicate these burials are part of a more extensive Bronze Age burial ground. Includes
Andrew J Dunwell
Richard Strachan
137 - 171
Several archaeological sites were located and excavated during a watching brief associated with the construction of a gas pipeline from St Fergus to Peterhead in the summer of 1998. The discoveries comprised two Neolithic artefact scatters, Bronze Age structures and an enclosure, and two features akin to burnt mounds. Includes sections on: Lithic collections; Pottery; Wood charcoal identification; Charred plant remains; Structures 1--4 at Ednie: lithics; Structures 1--4 at Ednie: pottery; Structures 1--4 at Ednie: coarse stone; Artefact scatter 1: lithics; Artefact scatter 2: lithics; Burnt mounds: lithics.
D D A Simpson
Richard A Gregory
Eileen M Murphy
173 - 189
Survey and excavation at Manish Strand, Ensay, in 1965 identified two midden deposits which date to the later Neolithic and Early Bronze Age. Two `pit' burials containing Late Bronze Age human inhumations were also discovered during the course of the excavation. Includes sections on: Radiocarbon dates; Bronze Age pottery; Chipped stone artefact; Worked bone; Mammal bones; Bird bones; Human remains; Appendix: Bronze Age pottery catalogue.
Michael Cressey
Richard Strachan
190 - 203
An archaeological watching brief undertaken during topsoil stripping operations in the course of sewer construction led to the identification of two burnt mounds and a series of unrelated pits. Subsequent archaeological excavation of one of the mounds revealed the remains of a waterlogged timber trough, the contents of which afforded the preservation of environmental information concerning its use and later abandonment. The trough was radiocarbon dated to the late third millennium BC, placing it in the Early Bronze Age. Includes sections on: Soil micromorphology; Plant macro-fossil remains; Pottery analyses.
Lawrence J F Keppie
205 - 244
In 1825 the Rev John Skinner, an Anglican clergyman from Camerton in Somerset, walked the length of the Antonine Wall from east to west, as part of an extensive Scottish tour. He recorded his observations at length in a journal and prepared daily a series of pencil sketches which constitute an invaluable record of the monument at a fixed date. His sketches include sculptures and inscriptions subsequently lost, and a few sites otherwise unrecorded. He also visited the Hunterian Museum in Glasgow in order to view its collection of Roman stones.
J D Bateson
Nicholas M McQ Holmes
245 - 276
Catalogue and discussion of finds from some 350 sites which have yielded coins from the Roman period and from the sixth century to the Act of Union in 1707.
Michael Cressey
Richard Strachan
Jamie E Hamilton
277 - 282
Three long cist burials were discovered during road widening along the A1 near Dunbar. As a result of plough damage only one, poorly-preserved skeleton survived, identified as either a female adult or a young, slightly-built male. An unusually early radiocarbon date (c. 1850 BP) derived from the remains of this individual must be viewed with caution due to poor collagen survival. Includes a section on The skeletal remains.
Monika Maleszka
283 - 291
A Viking-period barrel-shaped weight, found at Cleat, on Westray, is discussed in the context of other weights and contemporary Islamic and Scandinavian/Islamic weight systems.
Dana Bentley-Cranch
293 - 313
Charles McKean
315 - 342
Documentary evidence appears to date the construction of Innes House, near Elgin, to c. 1640, whereas a drawing of c. 1590 implies there was a castle on the site some fifty years earlier. This paper seeks to resolve that paradox by dissecting Innes through documents and drawings, correlated with a minute study of its fabric through a sequential examination of its principal structural components; and, by doing so, evaluating the extent that information gleaned from a building's fabric can supplement, support or deny documentary history.
Athol L Murray
343 - 358
A previous paper (97/1908) described the castle in its final form in the 1690s and its gradual destruction over the following century. Since then a study of the Bishop of Moray's castle of Spynie has pointed to similarities between it and Glasgow. Examination of other sources has documented two periods of building activity which have escaped previous notice. The first involves repairs and alterations carried out by the Duke and Duchess of Lennox after 1598; the second work undertaken by Archbishop Ross between 1680 and 1686. In addition further light is thrown on Robert Thomson's role in the destruction of the castle from 1715 onwards. Includes Appendix: accounts relating to building work 1599-1600.
Daniel Maudlin
359 - 374
An historical and architectural case-study of the remaining Argyll tacksmen's houses in Morvern, built during the first phase of agricultural Improvement between 1754 and 1819. It is argued that this group of buildings represents the last phase of clan warfare in the region, built by tacksmen acting as colonizing agents of Campbell control and polity over relatively recently acquired MacLean territory.
Andrew Fleming
375 - 389
Archaeological studies of Hirta, the main island of the St Kilda archipelago to the west of the Western Isles of Scotland, have debated the location and character of the settlement demolished during the Improvement phase of the 1830s. The paper argues that archaeological evidence for the clachan is recoverable, and that it is in very good agreement with the drawings made by Acland and Atkinson in the early nineteenth century.
Murray G H Pittock
391 - 403
405 - 409
Summaries of three lectures presented at meetings of the Society: The making of classical Edinburgh (on the development of the New Town during the late-eighteenth to early-nineteent century); Bodies under the floor: prehistoric roundhouse life at Cladh Hallan, South Uist (an examination of four human burials found among the foundation deposits of a group of Bronze Age roundhouses); New work on the origins of the Scots of Dál Riata (argues that archaeological, historical and linguistic evidence indicates that the Scots of Argyll did not migrate from Antrim around AD 500, but were native inhabitants of the area).
411 - 429
431 - 436
437 - 442