Barber, M., (2014). Stonehenge World Heritage Site Landscape Project: 'Restoring' Stonehenge 1881-1939. Swindon: English Heritage Research Department.

Title
Title
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Title:
Stonehenge World Heritage Site Landscape Project: 'Restoring' Stonehenge 1881-1939
Series
Series
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Series:
English Heritage Research Department unpublished report series
Downloads
Downloads
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Downloads:
englishh2-212547_1.pdf (8 MB) : Download
DOI
DOI
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DOI
https://doi.org/10.5284/1033107
Publication Type
Publication Type
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Publication Type:
Report (in Series)
Abstract
Abstract
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Abstract:
Stonehenge was transformed considerably during the 20th century, the monument itself being subjected to more intervention and alteration from 1901 than at any time since the Bronze Age. Some of the most important episodes of excavation at Stonehenge during the 20th century were driven by a desire to interfere with the monument's physical appearance, often but not always due to concerns about stability. The romantic ruin of previous generations - leaning monoliths, twisted trilithons and recumbent sarsens - was rationalised into a more upright, orderly design and secured for posterity with concrete. At the same time, the visibility of the enclosing earthworks was enhanced for the paying visitor, the enclosure ditch only partially backfilled and surplus material spread across the site to conceal old trackways. 1901 was also the year that the monument was first enclosed and an admission charge introduced, both intended as means of controlling the numbers and types of visitor. This report pays close attention to the circumstances surrounding three key episodes - the appearance in 1881 of some timber supports; the straightening and concreting of the massive Stone 56 in 1901; and the uncompleted 'reparations' of 1919-20.
Author
Author
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Author:
M Barber
Publisher
Publisher
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Publisher:
English Heritage Research Department
Other Person/Org
Other Person/Org
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Other Person/Org:
Historic England (OASIS Reviewer)
Wiltshire and Swindon HER (OASIS Reviewer)
Year of Publication
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2014
Locations
Locations
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Locations:
Site: Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project
County: WILTSHIRE
District: SALISBURY
Parish: AMESBURY
Country: England
Grid Reference: 412200, 142200 (Easting, Northing)
Subjects / Periods
Subjects / Periods
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Subjects / Periods:
Find: N/A None
Monus: HENGE Neolithic
Monus: STONE CIRCLE Bronze Age
Identifiers
Identifiers
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Identifiers:
OASIS Id: englishh2-212547
OBIB: 6-2014
Note
Note
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Note:
A4 heat-bound report of 133pp.
Source
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Source:
OASIS
Relations
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Relations:
Created Date
Created Date
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Created Date:
01 Feb 2018
 Location