Aaronson, J. (2017). LEVEL 2 HISTORIC BUILDING RECORD and TRIAL TRENCHING ON THE SITE OF THE FORMER 'RETREAT', MARKET PLACE, ABRIDGE, ESSEX, RM4 1UA. Compass Archaeology Ltd. https://doi.org/10.5284/1058000. Cite this using datacite

Title
Title
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Title:
LEVEL 2 HISTORIC BUILDING RECORD and TRIAL TRENCHING ON THE SITE OF THE FORMER 'RETREAT', MARKET PLACE, ABRIDGE, ESSEX, RM4 1UA
Series
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Series:
Compass Archaeology unpublished report series
Downloads
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Downloads:
compassa1-301059_1.pdf (5 MB) : Download
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DOI
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DOI
https://doi.org/10.5284/1058000
Publication Type
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Publication Type:
Report (in Series)
Abstract
Abstract
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Abstract:
Compass Archaeology were commissioned to conduct a Level 2 Historic Building Survey and archaeological evaluation on the site of 'The Retreat' in Abridge, Essex, RM14 1AU. The works were commissioned after recommendations from the Historic Environment Consultant for Essex County Council, as a condition of planning attached to applications EPF/2006/14 and EPF/1471/17. The building survey was conducted over a series of visits between January and early March 2015 prior to the demolition of the property in late-2015, and the evaluation took place in October 2017. The evaluation that followed consisted of three trenches arrange across the footprint of the previous property and the proposed redevelopment. A total of 23m linear metres of trenching was excavated, covering 41.5m2. This included a T-shape trench over the western and north-south axis of the former building, and a third over the southeast corner of the proposed development area. The western arm of the T-shaped trench exposed the northeast corner and construction cut of the cellar recorded during the building survey. The northern arm of the T-shaped trench exposed a shallow sub-circular cut feature which produced no finds and was interpreted as a probable historic tree-throw. The separate southeastern trench uncovered a large domed brick-built soakaway, approximately 1.8m in diameter, and 1m deep to the base of dome level. The dome itself had partially collapsed inside of the soakaway but had clearly been truncated in the recent past. The brickwork was dated to the later-18th century, so probably relates to earlier structures on the site, albiet one that would probably have survived the various incarnations of 'The Retreat' due to its function. Natural sandy gravels were exposed extremely close to the modern ground surface, as shallow as 80mm, and no more than 600mm, below a loosely compacted demolition debris derived from the clearance of the site in late-2015.
Author
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Author:
J Aaronson
Publisher
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Publisher:
Compass Archaeology Ltd
Other Person/Org
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Other Person/Org:
Historic England (OASIS Reviewer)
Essex County Council Historic Environment (OASIS Reviewer)
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2017
Locations
Locations
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Locations:
Site: 'The Retreat', Abridge
County: ESSEX
District: EPPING FOREST
Parish: LAMBOURNE
Country: England
Grid Reference: 546633, 196780 (Easting, Northing)
Subjects / Periods
Subjects / Periods
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Subjects / Periods:
NONE (Find) None (GLL)
CELLAR (Monus) Post Medieval (GLL)
SOAKAWAY (Monus) Post Medieval (GLL)
Identifiers
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Identifiers:
OASIS Id: compassa1-301059
Note
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Note:
A summary of the archaeological evaluation, including site background, historic and archaeological background, methodology, written description, and interpretation of observations. Included site plan, historic plans and photos, and illustrative photographs of the observations. Trench plans included
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OASIS (OASIS)
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Created Date
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Created Date:
13 Jan 2020
 Location