Issue: Late Neolithic and Late Bronze Age lithic assemblages associated with a cairn and other prehistoric features at Stoneyhill Farm, Longhaven, Peterhead, Aberdeenshire, 2002'“03

Publication Type
Abstract Prehistoric remains were recorded by CFA Archaeology Ltd (CFA) in 2002-03 during a programme of fieldwork at the landfill site within the boundaries of Stoneyhill Farm, which lies 7km to the southwest of Peterhead in Aberdeenshire. These included a clearance cairn with a Late Bronze Age lithic assemblage and a burial cairn, with Late Neolithic and Early Bronze Age lithics and Beaker ceramics. Other lithic scatters of similar date had no certain associations, although pits containing near-contemporary Impressed Wares were nearby. Additional lithic assemblages included material dated to the Mesolithic and Early Neolithic. What may be proto-Unstan Wares in an isolated pit were associated with radiocarbon dates (barley) of the first half of the fourth millennium bc. These findings represent a substantial addition to the local area's archaeological record and form an important contribution to the understanding of lithic technology and ceramics in earlier prehistoric Scotland.<br /><br />This paper is dedicated to the memory of Ian Shepherd, whose site visits enlightened this and other projects undertaken by one of the authors (IS).
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Author Ian Suddaby
Torben Bjarke Ballin
Publisher Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
Year of Publication 2011
Volume 45
ISBN 978 090 390 354 7
Source biab_online
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Abstract
1
Prehistoric remains were recorded by CFA Archaeology Ltd (CFA) in 2002-03 during a programme of fieldwork at the landfill site within the boundaries of Stoneyhill Farm, which lies 7km to the southwest of Peterhead in Aberdeenshire. These included a clearance cairn with a Late Bronze Age lithic assemblage and a burial cairn, with Late Neolithic and Early Bronze Age lithics and Beaker ceramics. Other lithic scatters of similar date had no certain associations, although pits containing near-contemporary Impressed Wares were nearby. Additional lithic assemblages included material dated to the Mesolithic and Early Neolithic. What may be proto-Unstan Wares in an isolated pit were associated with radiocarbon dates (barley) of the first half of the fourth millennium bc. These findings represent a substantial addition to the local area's archaeological record and form an important contribution to the understanding of lithic technology and ceramics in earlier prehistoric Scotland.\r\n\r\nThis paper is dedicated to the memory of Ian Shepherd, whose site visits enlightened this and other projects undertaken by one of the authors (IS).
2 - 3
This chapter presents the background to the project, site location, topography, geology and a summary of archaeology in the area.
4 - 6
The programme of archaeological investigation comprised survey, evaluation, excavation and watching brief.
7 - 17
A total of eleven archaeological sites were identified by the environmental impact assessment. Sites in Area 1 included a clearance cairn, a lithic scatter below a modern cairn and a burial cairn. Sites in Area 2 included a lithic scatter at Dun na Cluaich, pits, postholes and a lithic scatter at North Aldie Farm.
Melanie Johnson
18 - 21
Melanie Johnson
Torben Bjarke Ballin
Adam Jackson
Mhairi Hastie
Michael Cressey
18 - 45
The prehistoric pottery assemblage represented a maximum of 29 vessels including Neolithic impressed wares, proto-Unstan bowls and Beakers. The lithic assemblage comprised 2788 artefacts almost all of flint. Four stray Mesolithic microliths were recovered along with a few early Neolithic pieces. Most of the artefacts were late Neolithic. A single sandstone boulder saddle quern of broad prehistoric date was recovered. Small samples of charcoal and charred plant remains included cereal grain, hazel, birch and oak charcoal.
Torben Bjarke Ballin
21 - 43
Adam Jackson
43 - 44
Mhairi Hastie
Michael Cressey
44
46 - 48
The fieldwork revealed just how widespread traces of past human activity are in the Buchan Valley. Most of the test-pit grids revealed lithic assemblages characteristic of prehistoric settlement-based activity from the Mesolithic to the Bronze Age. The extent of the work has been justified by recovery of nationally important lithic assemblages and by the recognition of changing procurement strategies over time in the Buchan Gravels.
49
50 - 52
Ian Suddaby
Torben Bjarke Ballin
Prehistoric remains were recorded by CFA Archaeology Ltd (CFA) in 2002-03 during a programme of fieldwork at the landfill site within the boundaries of Stoneyhill Farm, which lies 7km to the southwest of Peterhead in Aberdeenshire. These included a clearance cairn with a Late Bronze Age lithic assemblage and a burial cairn, with Late Neolithic and Early Bronze Age lithics and Beaker ceramics. Other lithic scatters of similar date had no certain associations, although pits containing near-contemporary Impressed Wares were nearby. Additional lithic assemblages included material dated to the Mesolithic and Early Neolithic. What may be proto-Unstan Wares in an isolated pit were associated with radiocarbon dates (barley) of the first half of the fourth millennium bc. These findings represent a substantial addition to the local area's archaeological record and form an important contribution to the understanding of lithic technology and ceramics in earlier prehistoric Scotland.