Issue: Marlin's Wynd: new archaeological and documentary research on Post-medieval settlement below the Tron Kirk, Edinburgh.

Publication Type
Abstract The 17th-century Tron Kirk, on the High Street, Edinburgh, is built over the remains of tenement buildings that were pulled down to allow its construction. The re-development of the building provided an opportunity to complete the earlier excavations carried out between 1974 and 1983 and a more complete footprint of the tenements emerged, together with a fragment of the old High Street. The archaeological investigation has been complemented by documentary research which has populated the tenements with colourful occupants as far back as the late 15th century. The artefact assemblages from both the recent and earlier excavations contain only material of 16th- and 17th century date, which suggests that the tenements had been redeveloped during the late 15th/early 16th centuries, thus removing all but a trace of the earlier medieval settlement.
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Author Martin Cook
Morag Cross
John A Lawson
Issue Editor Helen Bleck
Publisher Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
Historic Scotland
Archaeology Data Service
Year of Publication 2013
Volume 55
Source DigitalBorn
Relations
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Abstract
1
The 17th-century Tron Kirk, on the High Street, Edinburgh, is built over the remains of tenement buildings that were pulled down to allow its construction. The re-development of the building provided an opportunity to complete the earlier excavations carried out between 1974 and 1983 and a more complete footprint of the tenements emerged, together with a fragment of the old High Street. The archaeological investigation has been complemented by documentary research which has populated the tenements with colourful occupants as far back as the late 15th century. The artefact assemblages from both the recent and earlier excavations contain only material of 16th-and 17th century date, which suggests that the tenements had been redeveloped during the late 15th/early 16th centuries, thus removing all but a trace of the earlier medieval settlement.
2 - 3
A description of the site location and a brief summary of earlier work.
4
A brief history of the construction of the Tron Kirk.
Morag Cross
4 - 11
This chapter discusses the origins of the name 'Marlin's Wynd' and the background to the construction of the Tron Kirk with an account of the wynds, closes and associated tenements which were demolished to make way for it.
12 - 16
Excavation in 2005 revealed fragments of four main buildings (A, B, C, D), two sections of road (Marlin's Wynd and the High Street), a courtyard and an area of post-medieval industrial activity.
Nicholas M McQ Holmes
George R Haggarty
John A Lawson
17 - 26
This chapter contains edited reports on coins and pottery. Reports on building material, animal bone, metal artefacts and a piece of leather are contained in the archive. Eight coins were recovered and all are described as examples of the small change that would have circulated in Scotland in the 1630s. The pottery supports the idea that the site had been significantly redeveloped during the 15th and early 16th century with newly constructed tenements removing most of the earlier urban deposits. The analysis was a rare and important opportunity in Scotland to examine a tightly dated group of local and imported pottery with a terminus post quem of 1637.
George R Haggarty
John A Lawson
Hugh Willmott
27 - 31
In addition to the pottery there are brief sections on clay pipe and tile, window glass and vessel glass.
32 - 33
Documentary evidence records that at least four tenements were compulsorily purchased. Building work for the Tron Kirk would have destroyed these. It has been possible to identify some of the owners of these tenements and some of the functions to which the buildings were put. Documentary and archaeological evidence are drawn together to form a narrative of sorts for each building.
34
The huge expansion and development of Scottish medieval and post-medieval archaeology since the publication of the first excavation results has facilitated the contextualisation of the evidence.
35
36 - 38