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Courtesy of the Trustees of the British Museum
Distinctive FeaturesThis type has a straight mouth, with a thick external band, a heavy cylindrical neck (10-15 cms diameter) around 12-20 cm long, flattened handles which have a median furrow groove on the external face and an ovoid body. The spike is 15-20 cms long, hollow. It can be ascribed to the broader Dressel 7-11 and Beltrán 1 groupings (García Vargas, 1998).
Date Range30 BC - AD 75 (García Vargas, 1998)
Search: [1st century BC] [1st century AD]
OriginThis type was produced in a myriad of workshops such as Gallineras, El Rinconcillo and Cerro del Mar in the coastal areas of southern Spain (Cádiz and Málaga provinces) (Beltrán Lloris, 1970; Lagóstena Barrios, 1996; García Vargas, 1998). Production has also been attested along the west coast of Morocco at Khédis and Sala, as well as at Volubilis (Arharbi & Naji, 2004).
Workshops in the modern province of Cádiz: Loma del Puerco, El Fontanar (Chiclana de l Frontera); El Olivar (Chipiona); Buenavista, Cantarranas, Casa de la Vicuña, La China, La Florida, Hijuela del Tío Prieto, Molino Platero, Los Sáuces (El Puerto de Santa María); El Almendral, La Cabaña I, La Cachucha, Cantera Lavalle I y II, Las Canteras, El Carpio Chico, Casines, Olivar de los Valencianos, Puente Melchor, Torrealta A y B, El Gallinero (Puerto Real), Cerro de los Mártires, Gallineras (San Fernando).
Workshops in the modern province of Málaga: Torrox.
Search: [Morocco] [North West Europe] [Spain] [Western Mediterranean]
DistributionThe western Roman provinces, the German limes, and the eastern Mediterranean region. Findspots include: Pompeii, Rome, Ostia, Verona, Lyon, Oberaden, Haltern, Rödgen, Zaragoza, Caesarea Maritima, Beirut.
Search: [Eastern Mediterranean] [France] [Germany] [Italy] [Lebanon] [North West Europe] [Spain] [The Levant]
ContentsTituli picti suggests several types of fish-sauce, like gari flos (CIL. XV, 4699), gari scombri (CIL. XV, 4710), liquamen (CIL. XV,4713), muriae flos (CIL. XV, 4722), muria arguta excellens flos (CIL. XV, 4723); perhaps also cordyla arguta (CIL. XV, 4732) and cordyla arguta vetus penuaria (CIL. XV, 4741). The diversity of the contents recorded can be due to the difficulties in differentiating this form within the broader amphora family of the Dressel 7-11.
Search: [Fish Sauce]
CommentsPrincipal contributor: Lazaro Lagóstena
CEIPAC linkThe following link will take you to the Centro para el Estudio de la Interdependencia Provincial en la Antiguedad Clásica CEIPAC database. In the CEIPAC system this amphora has the ID KE51+BYZ. Note: access to CEIPAC requires registration, which is possible via http://ceipac.ub.edu/corpus_reg.php?IDM=e