Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

Data copyright © University of Southampton unless otherwise stated


Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) logo

Primary contact

Dr David Williams
Dept of Archaeology
University of Southampton
Avenue Campus
Highfield
Southampton
SO17 1BJ
England
Tel: 080 593032

Send e-mail enquiry

Resource identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) are persistent identifiers which can be used to consistently and accurately reference digital objects and/or content. The DOIs provide a way for the ADS resources to be cited in a similar fashion to traditional scholarly materials. More information on DOIs at the ADS can be found on our help page.

Citing this DOI

DOIs should be the last element in a citation irrespective of the format used. The DOI citation should begin with "doi:" in lowercase followed by the DOI with no spaces between the ":" and the DOI.

doi:10.5284/1028192

DOIs can also be cited as a persistent link from another Web page. This is done by appending the DOI Resolver with the DOI. This would look like:

http://dx.doi.org/10.5284/1028192

However, if it is possible it is best to hide the URL in the href property of the <a> tag and have the link text be of the form doi:10.5284/1028192. The HTML for this would look like:

<a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5284/1028192">doi:10.5284/1028192</a>
Sample Citation for this DOI

University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor] (doi:10.5284/1028192)

University of Southampton logo

Africana 2A Grande



Africana 2A Grande

Courtesy of Sasa Diminiç
Sasa Diminiç
Croatia

Variants of Africana 2A Grande:

[Africana 1 Piccolo]

Distinctive Features

This is a fairly large cylindrical amphora, classified by Panella (1973) as a sub-type of the "Africana grande" type of Zevi & Tchernia (1969). The rim is thickened, with an almond profile, rounded on the outer face and generally marked by a small stepped undercut on the lower face (2A con gradino), at the junction with the short and quite cylindrical neck, The ribbon-in-section handles, with an ear-shaped profile, are larger than those of the Africana 1 type. The body is also taller and more globular with a medium-sized solid and tronco-conical spike. The neck (and rarely the handle) is occasionally stamped with the initials of a tria nomina in relief letters within a cartouche. There are no place names on this type.
See characteristics

Date Range

Second half of the second century AD until the end of the third century AD?
Search: [2nd century AD] [3rd century AD]

Origin

Production is primarily attested in Zeugitana at Nabeul, in the Sahel region at Leptiminus and Hadrumetum, in the Sullecthum region (Salakta), at El-Assa at Cap Bon, at Ariana near Carthage, and at Thaenae in Byzacena (Bonifay, 2004). However, the discovery of a complete example of the type in a Dressel 20 fabric at Celti (Peñaflor) also points to some kind of small scale production in the lower Guadalquivir valley of Baetica (Keay et alii 2001: 118, Fig.2.85.4).
Search: [Libya] [North Africa] [Tunisia]

Distribution

Similar distribution pattern to the Africana 1. Examples have been documented in the east Mediterranean at Beirut by Reynolds (1997-98: Fig. 203) and at Knossos in Crete by Hayes (1983: Fig. 24).
Search: [Crete] [Eastern Mediterranean] [Greek Islands] [Lebanon] [North West Europe] [The Balkans] [The Levant] [Western Mediterranean]

Contents

Perhaps wine or fish-sauce (Bonifay, 2004).
Search: [Fish Sauce] [Wine]

Comments

Principal contributor: Michel Bonifay and Simon Keay

Classification

Keay 4
Keay 5

CEIPAC link

The following link will take you to the Centro para el Estudio de la Interdependencia Provincial en la Antiguedad Clásica CEIPAC database. In the CEIPAC system this amphora has the ID KE51+BYZ. Note: access to CEIPAC requires registration, which is possible via http://ceipac.ub.edu/corpus_reg.php?IDM=e