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University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor] (doi:10.5284/1028192)
Courtesy of Sasa Diminiç
Variants of Africana 2A Grande:[Africana 1 Piccolo]
Distinctive FeaturesThis is a fairly large cylindrical amphora, classified by Panella (1973) as a sub-type of the "Africana grande" type of Zevi & Tchernia (1969). The rim is thickened, with an almond profile, rounded on the outer face and generally marked by a small stepped undercut on the lower face (2A con gradino), at the junction with the short and quite cylindrical neck, The ribbon-in-section handles, with an ear-shaped profile, are larger than those of the Africana 1 type. The body is also taller and more globular with a medium-sized solid and tronco-conical spike. The neck (and rarely the handle) is occasionally stamped with the initials of a tria nomina in relief letters within a cartouche. There are no place names on this type.
Date RangeSecond half of the second century AD until the end of the third century AD?
Search: [2nd century AD] [3rd century AD]
OriginProduction is primarily attested in Zeugitana at Nabeul, in the Sahel region at Leptiminus and Hadrumetum, in the Sullecthum region (Salakta), at El-Assa at Cap Bon, at Ariana near Carthage, and at Thaenae in Byzacena (Bonifay, 2004). However, the discovery of a complete example of the type in a Dressel 20 fabric at Celti (Peñaflor) also points to some kind of small scale production in the lower Guadalquivir valley of Baetica (Keay et alii 2001: 118, Fig.2.85.4).
Search: [Libya] [North Africa] [Tunisia]
DistributionSimilar distribution pattern to the Africana 1. Examples have been documented in the east Mediterranean at Beirut by Reynolds (1997-98: Fig. 203) and at Knossos in Crete by Hayes (1983: Fig. 24).
Search: [Crete] [Eastern Mediterranean] [Greek Islands] [Lebanon] [North West Europe] [The Balkans] [The Levant] [Western Mediterranean]
ContentsPerhaps wine or fish-sauce (Bonifay, 2004).
Search: [Fish Sauce] [Wine]
CommentsPrincipal contributor: Michel Bonifay and Simon Keay
CEIPAC linkThe following link will take you to the Centro para el Estudio de la Interdependencia Provincial en la Antiguedad Clásica CEIPAC database. In the CEIPAC system this amphora has the ID KE51+BYZ. Note: access to CEIPAC requires registration, which is possible via http://ceipac.ub.edu/corpus_reg.php?IDM=e