Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

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Resource identifiers

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Africana 3C



Distinctive Features

Classed as 'contenitori cilindrici della tarda età imperiale' (cylindrical containers of the late Imperial period: Manacorda, 1977a: 171ff.), these fall typologically between the amphorae of the Africana Grande series and the larger cylindrical African amphorae of the later fifth/sixth centuries. Keay distinguishes 30 variations (for full details see Keay, 1984: 184-212), but gathers together the most common ones (variants A-V) in three main sub-types.

The second sub-type is characterised by a rim with a very developed and strongly everted lip (up to 45°). The neck (with very tall handles), the body and the spike are nearly cylindrical. Examples of smaller size are related to the type 1 spatheia.

No stamps are known.
See characteristics

Date Range

The later variant of Africana 3/Keay 25 dating to between the end of the fourth and first half of the fifth centuries AD.
Search: [4th century AD] [5th century AD]

Origin

Production is attested in many parts of Tunisia, mainly in Zeugitana (Nabeul) and in Byzacena (Sullecthum, Thaenae, Oued El-Akarit), on the basis of surveys of workshops (Peacock et al., 1989; Bonifay, 2004; Ghalia et al., 2005).
Search: [North Africa] [Tunisia]

Distribution

Distributed in the western Mediterranean : Spain, south of France, Italy (Panella, 1982, 2001; Bonifay, 2004). Some examples are known in the eastern Mediterranean. See in particular the Dramont E (Santamaria, 1995) and Dramont F (Joncheray, 1975) wrecks in southern France
Search: [Eastern Mediterranean] [France] [Italy] [North West Europe] [Spain] [Western Mediterranean]

Contents

Unknown. Preserved olives were probably transported in the Africana 3C amphorae of the Dramont E wreck (Santamaria, 1995), since olives stones were found inside. However, wine or fish sauce cannot be excluded (Bonifay, 2003). Capacity 15 - 23 litres.
Search: [Fish Sauce] [Olives] [Wine]

Comments

Principal contributor: Michel Bonifay

Classification

Keay 25.2