Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

Data copyright © University of Southampton unless otherwise stated

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Dr David Williams
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University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

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Almagro 54 fabric

Fabric Visual Characteristics

A hard, thick sandy fabric with a little white limestone scattered throughout, drab brown (5YR 5/6) in colour, sometimes with a greyish core (10YR 5/1). Another production noted in Beirut (from the Negev?) has a rather smooth cream outer surface (use of salt water?) and a pale red-orange well fired, fairly fine fabric with common fine-.5mm quartz, often with lime eruptions on the surface. It can readily be distinguished from the classic ‘Gazan’ clay.

Fabric Petrological Characteristics

Classic ‘Gazan’ fabric. Abundant well-sorted angular and subangular grains of quartz and occasional plagioclase felspar. The average size of the grains is 0.05-0.1 mm across, though there is a sparse scatter of slightly larger grains which are often well rounded. Also present are some fragments of microcrystalline limestone with indistinct fossil remains and occasionally (?) fossil shell with augite and tourmaline as accessory minerals. This composition and texture compares well with a sample of modern fired clay from Gaza (Peacock, 1975).


Equivalent to: GAM AM of the National Roman Fabric Reference Collection (Tomber & Dore, 1998: 96), and P&W AM66 (Tomber & Dore, 1998:111)

Amphora made from this fabric


i Almagro 54