AustArch: A Database of 14C and Luminescence Ages from Archaeological Sites in Australia

Alan Williams, Sean Ulm, 2014

Data copyright © Alan Williams unless otherwise stated


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https://doi.org/10.5284/1027216
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Alan Williams, Sean Ulm (2014) AustArch: A Database of 14C and Luminescence Ages from Archaeological Sites in Australia [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor] https://doi.org/10.5284/1027216

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Record ID 12683
Site Birriwilk rockshelter
IBRA Region Arnhem Plateau
Longitude 133.01
Latitude -12.43
Site Type Rockshelter
Lab Code Wk-33541
Age 4525
Error 29
13C Age -24.2
13C Error 0.2
Material Charcoal
Context XU 31
Depth from surface (cm) 66-70
Method Radiocarbon
Data pertinent for time-series analysis or calibration Terrestrial
Open or closed site Closed
Directly related to occupation? Y
Source Shine et al. 2013 (Full bibliographic references are available from the Downloads page)
Notes A rockshelter located in in Mikinj Valley, southwest Arnhem Land. The rockshelter was an elevated terrace some 13 x 7 m in size, and overlooks Birriwilk lagoon. The rockshelter contains 30 images of primarily bi and tri chrome x-ray fish art, as well as few animals. Excavations consisted of 1 sq. m at the base of the rock art panel within the shelter. Excavations reached bedrock at 103 cm below surface. Excavations recovered 412 artefacts, charcoal, shell and worked and unworked ochre. Glass was also found in XU3-4. Data suggests initial use from XU 31 at c. 4.5ka (Wk-33541) with intermittent use from c. 4ka (Wk-32919) and peak activity between c. 0.7-0.3ka (Wk-33540-Wk-33542), with decline in use in uppermost deposits. Artefacts show changing use in material over time beginning with tuff, then chert and finally quartzite, the latter being associated with bifacial points. Faunal remains included turtle and fish species.