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Danebury: An Iron age hillfort in Hampshire Vol 1 The excavations 1969-1978: the site

Barry Cunliffe

CBA Research Report No 52a (1984)

ISBN 0 906780 28 4


Abstract

Title page of report 52a

The Iron Age hillfort of Danebury, in Hampshire, has been the scene of a major programme of excavation which began in 1969. There are three volumes; Volumes 1 and 2 are concerned with the site and the material remains from it, while volume 3, produced by the RCHM(E), presents a survey of the cultural landscape within which Danebury lies. The excavations from 1979 until the end of the project will be published in one or two more volumes, reserving a final volume for ancillary studies generated by the Danebury data-set.These reports merely advertise what is available and offer some general approximations to the truth which may help those interested in these matters to design new and more penetrating analyses.

Contents

  • Title pages
    • Preface (p viii)
  • 1 Introduction (p 1)
    • 1.1 The hillfort and its previous history (p 1)
    • 1.2 The excavation campaign (p 6)
    • 1.3 The recording system and the presentation of the report (p 7)
      • 1.3.1 Site recording (p 7)
      • 1.3.2 The publication research design (p 7)
      • 1.3.3 The computerization of the Danebury archive by Gary Lock (p 8)
      • 1.3.4 The microfiche supplement (p 9)
      • 1.3.4 Acknowledgement (p 9)
  • 2 Pre-and post-hillford occupation (p 11)
    • 2.1 Neolithic and Early Bronze Age ocupation (p 11)
    • 2.2 Neolithic and Early Bronze Age occupation: artefacts (p 11)
    • 2.3 Ritual pits (p 12)
    • 2.4 The early 1st millennium BC (p 12)
    • 2.5 Post-Iron Age occupation: Roman and Saxon (p 12)
    • 2.6 Post-Iron Age occupation: medieval and later (p 13)
  • 3 The hillfort defences and earthworks (p 15)
    • 3.1 The inner earthwork (p 15)
      • 3.1.1 Introduction (p 15)
      • 3.1.2 The 1969 section: Trenches 1-3 (p 16)
      • 3.1.3 The 1975 section (p 19)
      • 3.1.4 The 1978 excavation (p 21)
    • 3.2 The middle earthwork (p 21)
    • 3.3 The outer earthwork (p 22)
    • 3.4 The south-west entrance (p 22)
      • 3.4.1 The developed entrance (p 22)
      • 3.4.2 The phase of blocking (p 23)
    • 3.5 The east entrance (p 25)
      • 3.5.1 The inner entance and its hornworks (p 25)
      • 3.5.2 The outer hornworks and outer gate (p 37)
      • 3.5.3 The outer gate (p 37)
    • 3.6 Summary of the defence of defences dated (p 45)
      • 3.6.1 The sructural sequence (p 42)
      • 3.6.2 Dating evidence (p 45)
      • 3.6.3 The sequence of defence dated (p 45)
  • 4 The interior occupation (p 47)
    • 4.1 The nature of the evidence (p 47)
      • 4.1.1 Introduction (p 47)
      • 4.1.2 The range of the surviving data (p 49)
      • 4.1.3 Chronological and locational variation (p 51)
      • 4.1.4 The arrangement of the report (p 54)
    • 4.2 The structural elements (p 54)
      • 4.2.1 Circular structures (p 54)
      • 4.2.2 Rectangular trench-built structures (p 81)
      • 4.2.3 Rectangular post-built structures by Cynthia Poole(p 87)
      • 4.2.4 The structural use of daub, clay, and timber by Cynthia Poole(p 110)
      • 4.2.5 Guillies and ditchees (p 123)
      • 4.2.6 Roads (p 128)
      • 4.2.7 The pits by Alasdair Whittle (p 128)
    • 4.3 The establishment of a chronological sequence (p 146)
      • 4.3.1 Introduction and principles (p 146)
      • 4.3.2 The excavations 1977-8: sequence A (p 146)
      • 4.3.3 The excavations 1973-5: sequence B (p 158)
      • 4.3.4 The excavations 1969-71: sequence C (p 167)
      • 4.3.5 Correlation and chronology (p 172)
    • 4.4 The interior occupation in time and space (p 173)
      • 4.4.1 Introduction (p 173)
      • 4.4.2 General spatial considerations (p 173)
      • 4.4.3 A simple chronological model (p 173)
      • 4.4.4 The early occupation (periods 1-2b) (p174)
      • 4.4.5 The middle occupation (periods 2d-3b) (p 179)
      • 4.4.6 The late occupation (periods 4-6a) (p 179)
      • 4.4.7 The latest occupation (periods 7-8) (p 189)
  • 5 Radiocarbon age assessment by Barry Cunliffe and Clive Orton with dates provided by Bob Otlet and Jill Walker (p 190)
    • 5.1 Introduction (p 190)
    • 5.2 Comparative measurements (p 190)
    • 5.3 Measurements of samples from the stratified sequence (p 193)
    • 5.4 The dating of the ceramic phases (p 193)
    • 5.5 Calibration and absolute chronology (p 195)
    • 5.6 Summary and conclusions (p 197)
  • Bibliography (p 199)

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Danebury: An Iron age hillfort in Hampshire Vol 1 The excavations 1969-1978: the site (CBA Research Report 52a) PDF 22 Mb